Provincia (Nova Roma)

From NovaRoma
Jump to: navigation, search


 Home| Latíné | Deutsch | Español | Français | Italiano | Magyar | Português | Română | Русский | English

Our territorial organization

·Territorial Subdivisions ·

The Republic
Unorganized territories

·Territorial Administration ·

Cohors Praetoria
Provincial Councils

Nova Roma has a worldwide, international central administration and a territorial organization, consisting of provincial, regional and urban subdivisions. The provincia is the highest level of the territorial organization. According to Roman constitutional logic, provinces are organized as part of the ceremonial military structure of Nova Roma and are administered by military command. The democratic element of local government can be found in the municipalities which are exempt from under the direct command of the governor.

The Nova Roman Republic is divided into a number of provinciae. A provincia can comprise of a single country or several, or can be made up of sub-national units from a single country. Unlike provinces of Canada or American states, Nova Roman provinciae are creations of the senate, the 'national' governing body. The senate, under article V.C. of the the lex Cornelia Domitia de re publica constituenda, can create a new provincia or combine existing ones by senatus consultum. The same lex outlines the powers and duties of the provincial governors. The senate also has the power to appoint and replace governors who appoint the provincial administration and may sub-divide their provincia into regiones for administrative purposes as they deem it necessary.



The structure of the provincial government varies greatly depending upon the existing conditions of the provincia, but it is always a military command, part of the ceremonial military structure of Nova Roma. Each governor is a commanding general, a special commissioner of the senate with imperium. Officials of each provincial government are officers of the ceremonial (reenactment) army of Nova Roma. Several provinces cross national and linguistic boundaries and thus officials may be appointed to reflect this. Other provinces are geographically large or have isolated populations. There are no real laws concerning organization of provincial government other than as stipulated in article V.C of the lex Cornelia Domitia de re publica constituenda. This creates a flexible framework for the varying realities of the provinciae.

The governor of the province, a local commander-in-chief of the Nova Roman ceremonial (reenactment) army, is either a magistrate or a promagistrate, and depending on this, they can be variously termed, consul, proconsul, praetor, propraetor, or legatus pro praetore; the title depends on previous offices held by the governor. There are some exceptional terms in use, too: the mixed title propraetor pro consule describes a former praetor who was given consular power within his province instead of the usual praetorian power. The title quaestor pro praetore indicates a temporary governorship when the quaestor of a province is standing in for the previous governor by the will of the senate until a permanent successor is found. The title dux distinguishes the chief-governor of a dioecesis, a cluster of provinces temporarily combined together for reorganization. The "governor" of Italia Nova Romana is called praefectus Italiae. All provincial governors are subordinate to the senate and to the central magistrates.

Both the administrative office of the governor and the headquarter of the provincial administration are called the praetorium. The governor's staff personnel, the cohors praetoria, consist of various officials executing the orders of the governor and may include legates, prefects, provosts and various apparitors, more rarely a provincial quaestor or proquaestor, sometimes a curator aranearius and a provincial sacerdos.

In some provinces, the governor shares his power with a provincial council, the consilium provinciae, but in most of the provinces it is just an advisory body to assist the governor, and there are also provinces where there is no consilium provinciae at all.

It is a very important point to note that provincial administrations are not territorial "self-governments". Nova Roman provinces are not autonomous: they are under the strict control of the central administration. The provinces of Nova Roma are the tools of the central government to take directives, execute orders and instructions given from the senate and the consuls. The provinces of Nova Roma, just like those in the ancient republic, are a means for unity and effective administrative action, and not a provision for federalism or territorial autonomy.

Italia and the current provinces of Nova Roma

The following table shows the current provinces of Nova Roma, the countries and states were they are operated, the status of provincial development which is a marker of how active the province is (conventions, events, programs, festivals, reenactment units, and online provincial forum activity), and their current governors with their gubernatorial titles. Four of the provinces, Britannia, Gallia, Germania and Thule, are currently provinces only in name: they are temporarily joined up as as subprovinces of a dioecesis, a superprovince, for complete reorganization. For the duration of the reorganization, this dioecesis fills role of real province, while Britannia, Gallia, Germania and Thule are filling the role of subprovince, a special higher level regio.

1 Italia Italy, Vatican, San Marino, and Malta UNSATISFACTORY Cn. Cornelius Lentulus
Praefectus Italiae
2 America Cismississippiana USA - Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North and South Carolina, Tennessee, and the overseas territories of Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands UNSATISFACTORY P. Aurelius Barbatus
3 America Hispanica USA - Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Arizona and New Mexico ABANDONED D. Aurelius Ingeniarius
4 America Noveboracensis et Mediatlantica USA - Delaware, the District of Columbia, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia UNSATISFACTORY T. Domitius Draco
5 America Transmississippiana USA - Alaska, Arkansas, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, North and South Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas, Washington, and Wyoming UNSATISFACTORY Cn. Cornelius Lentulus
Proquaestor pro praetore
6 Australia Australia and New Zealand UNSATISFACTORY D. Aurelius Ingeniarius
7 Brasilia Brazil UNSATISFACTORY Cn. Cornelius Lentulus
Proquaestor pro praetore
8 California USA - California, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, and Hawaii UNSATISFACTORY Q. Fabius Maximus
9 Canada Canada ABANDONED P. Iunius Brutus
Legatus pro praetore
10 Dacia Romania and Moldavia UNSATISFACTORY Cn. Cornelius Lentulus
Legatus pro praetore
11 Europa Celtica et Germanica Established as a superprovince, a dioecesis, comprising those European provinces which are in need of reorganization and reactivation: It includes the following four subprovinces: ACTIVE Cn. Cornelius Lentulus
Dux dioecesis
(I) Britannia Province I of the dioecesis: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Ireland (see above) Cn. Cornelius Lentulus
Dux et legatus pro praetore
(II) Gallia Province II of the dioecesis: France and French overseas territories, Belgium, Luxembourg, Monaco (see above) Cn. Cornelius Lentulus
Dux et legatus pro praetore
(III) Germania Province III of the dioecesis: Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, Switzerland and Netherlands (see above) Cn. Cornelius Lentulus
Dux et legatus pro praetore
(IV) Hispania Province IV of the dioecesis: Portugal and Spain (see above) Cn. Cornelius Lentulus
Dux et legatus pro praetore
(V) Thule Province V of the dioecesis: Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Finland (see above) Cn. Cornelius Lentulus
Dux et legatus pro praetore
12 Lacus Magni USA - Wisconsin, Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio and Kentucky UNSATISFACTORY Cn. Cornelius Lentulus
Legatus pro praetore
13 Marcomannia Czechia and Slovakia UNSATISFACTORY Ti. Iulius Nerva
Legatus pro praetore
14 Nova Britannia USA - Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island ACTIVE M. Cassius Iulianus
15 Nova Hispania Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama UNSATISFACTORY Cn. Cornelius Lentulus
Proquaestor pro praetore
16 Pannonia Slovenia and Hungary EXCELLENT Cn. Cornelius Lentulus
Legatus pro praetore
17 Sarmatia Ukraine UNSATISFACTORY M. Hortensia Maior Fabiana Faustina
18 Scythia et Russia Russia and Belarus UNSATISFACTORY M. Hortensia Maior Fabiana Faustina
19 Thracia Bulgaria ACTIVE A. Vitellius Celsus
Legatus pro praetore

Note :

  • When, in addition to its wiki page, a province has an official web site or discussion list, a link is included in the column "countries".
  • Except for Italia, all provinces are called "provinciae" (provinces). Italia is called "praefectura".
  • Governors are called "legatus pro praetore", "praetor" or "consul", "propraetor" or "proconsul", except the governor of Italia who is always called "praefectus".
  • The new maps below update the provincial organization of Nova Roma on a.d. VIII Id. Oct. Q. Arrio (II) T. Domitio (III) cos. MMDCCLXXIII a.u.c.
  • Regions in light grey are territories not yet organized in provinces.

Provicial Reporting

The provinces are subject to annual reporting, conducted by the senate. Governors are generally requested to submit a report to aid the evaluation of the performance of their province in accordance with criteria defined by the Senatus consultum de provinciis ordinandis. The following links are to provincial reports over the years:

Maps of all current provinces by continents


Provinciae Europae.png


Provinciae Americae Septentrionalis.png

Provinciae Americae Meridionalis.png


Provinciae Oceaniae.png

Previous provinces of Nova Roma

Provincia Territory Status
1 Alasca et Havaia USA states of Alaska and Hawaii Merged
2 America austroccidentalis U.S.A. states of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas, and Utah Extinct
3 America austrorientalis U.S.A. states of Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississipi, Alabama, Tennessee, Georgia,North and Sth Carolina and Florida Extinct
4 America boreoccidentalis U.S.A. states of Idaho, Oregon, Washington and Alaska Extinct
5 California U.S.A. states of California, Nevada, and Hawaii Extinct
6 America Deserta USA states of Arizona, Nevada and Utah Merged
7 America Gallica USA states of Arkansas and Louisiana Merged
8 Hibernia Island of Ireland (Rep. of Ireland and U.K. Northern Ireland) Extinct
9 America Mississippiensis USA - Mississippi and Alabama Merged
10 America Missuriensis USA - Iowa and Missouri Merged
11 America Montana USA - Montana and Wyoming Merged
12 America Nebrascensis USA - Nebraska and Kansas Merged
13 America Noveboracensis USA - New York and New Jersey Merged
14 America Oregonensis USA - Idaho, Oregon and Washington Merged
15 America Texia USA - Texas and Oklahoma Merged
16 America Transappalachiana U.S.A. States of USA - Tennessee and Kentucky Merged
17 Argentina Argentine, Paraguay and Uruguay Extinct
18 California Angelensis USA - California south of Paso Robles and Delano Merged
19 California Franciscensis USA - California north of Paso Robles and Delano Merged
20 Canada Citerior Canada - Ontario, Québec, Labrador-Terre Neuve, New Brunswick and New Scotland Merged
21 Canada Ulterior Canada - Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, British Columbia, Yukon, Northwest and Nunavut Merged
22 Carolina USA - North Carolina and South Carolina Merged
23 Columbia USA - Maryland and the District of Columbia Merged
24 Dacota USA - North Dakota and South Dakota Merged
25 Georgia Florida U.S.A. USA - Florida and Georgia Merged
26 Guria North Korea and South Korea Extinct
27 Mediatlantica USA - Pennsylvania and Delaware Merged
28 Minnesota USA - Minnesota Merged
29 Nipponia Japan Extinct
30 Nova Britannia Citerior USA - Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont Merged
31 Nova Britannia Ulterior USA - Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. Merged
32 Ohio USA - Ohio Merged
33 Venedia Poland Extinct
34 Virginia USA - Virginia and West Virginia Merged
35 ARCHIVAL PAGE FOR Lacus Magni U.S.A. states of Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, and West Virginia Reformed
36 ARCHIVAL PAGE FOR Mediatlantica U.S.A. states of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, and the District of Columbia Reformed
Personal tools