Provincia (Nova Roma)

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<onlyinclude>{{LanguageBar | Provincia (Nova Roma)}}
 
<onlyinclude>{{LanguageBar | Provincia (Nova Roma)}}
  
Nova Roma is divided into a number of '''''provinciae'''''. A '''''provincia''''' can comprise a single country or several, or on the other end of the spectrum, can be made up of sub-national units from a single country.</onlyinclude> Unlike provinces of Canada or American states, Nova Roman '''''provinciae''''' are creations of the senate, the 'national' governing body.  The senate, under the ''[[Lex Vedia Provincialis (Nova Roma)|lex Vedia provincialis]]'', can create a new ''provincia'' or combine existing ones by ''senatus consultum''. The same ''lex'' outlines the powers and duties of the [[Governor (Nova Roma)|provincial governors]]. The senate also has the power to appoint and replace governors who appoint the provincial administration and may sub-divide their ''provincia'' into [[regio (Nova Roma)|''regiones'']] for administrative purposes as they deem it necessary.  
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Nova Roma Republic has at the same time a central administration and a territorial organization.
  
==Governance==
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The main level of this territorial organization is the '''province''' (Latin : ''provincia, -ae'', fem.). 
  
The structure of the provincial government varies greatly depending upon the existing conditions of the ''provincia''.  Several provinces cross national and linguistic boundaries and thus officials may be appointed to reflect this.  Other provinces are geographically large or have isolated populations.  There are no real laws concerning organization of provincial government other than the ''[[Lex Vedia Provincialis (Nova Roma)|lex Vedia provincialis]]''. This creates a flexible framework for the varying realities of the ''provinciae''.
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==Size and national correspondence==
  
The [[Governor (Nova Roma)|governor]] of the province can be variously termed, '''''consul''''', '''''proconsul''''', '''''praetor''''', '''''propraetor''''', or '''''legatus pro praetore'''''; the title depends on previous offices held by the governor. The "governor" of Italia Nova Romana is called '''''praefectus Italiae'''''. All provincial governors are subordinate to the [[senate (Nova Roma)|senate]] and to the [[Magistracies (Nova Roma)|central magistrates]].
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The province cannot be, in the current state of Novaroman Law, smaller than one of the national countries currently existing all around the world. On the contrary, a province may contain several national countries or, besides one or several countries, parts of them, at the local or regional level, specially to respect linguistic or cultural considerations.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
==Role of the provinces==
 +
 
 +
As every level of Nova Roma territorial organization, the provinces relay the action of the roman republic of Nova Roma.
 +
 
 +
It is the main level of this organization. This importance is materialized by the presence, at the head of the province, of a governor, whose exact title may differ (see below).
 +
 
 +
This governor has, at this provincial level and by delegation, most of the powers owned at the central level by Nova Roma main magistrates.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
==Creation of a province==
 +
 
 +
According Nova Roma's constitution, a province may be created or deleted by the Senate of Nova Roma, through its ordinary decision form, a senatus consultum.
 +
 
 +
The senate is thus free to create and to delete every province in order to stick to what it considers as the interest of Nova Roma.
 +
 
 +
Currently, the creation of a province and its existence is still linked to the existence, in a concerned territory (national country, etc.) of at least one citizen of Nova Roma. But the Senate might adopt, with a full legitimacy, another principle.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
==Applicable law==
 +
 
 +
The legal base concerning Nova Roma provinces is currently Nova Roma's constitution and ''[[Lex Vedia Provincialis (Nova Roma)|lex Vedia provincialis]]''.
 +
 
 +
A ''[[Lex Fabia xx (Nova Roma)|lex Fabia de oppidis et municipiis]]'' deals with the creation and existence of two lower levels, contained in the provincial ones, of Nova Roma's territorial organization.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
==Internal provincial governance==
 +
 
 +
There is currently no law defining the internal organization of the provinces.
 +
 
 +
It thus depends on the frame set by its governor, which is free organizing as (s)he wants "her/his province as long as (s)he respects the provisions of Novaroman law, specially of [[Lex Fabia xx (Nova Roma)|lex Fabia de oppidis et municipiis]]. For example, a province may be divided, for an appropriate administrative management, in main divisions which are named [[regio (Nova Roma)|''regiones'']].
 +
 
 +
The structure of the provincial government varies greatly depending upon the existing conditions of the ''provincia''. This creates a flexible framework for the varying realities of the ''provinciae''.
  
 
Both the administrative office of the governor and the headquarter of the provincial administration are called the [[praetorium (Nova Roma)|''praetorium'']]. The governor's staff personnel, the [[cohors praetoria (Nova Roma)|''cohors praetoria'']], consist of various officials executing the orders of the governor and may include [[legatus (Nova Roma)|legates]], [[praefectus (Nova Roma)|prefects]] and [[Scriba (Nova Roma)|scribes]], more rarely a provincial [[Quaestor (Nova Roma)|''quaestor'']] or [[Quaestor (Nova Roma)|''proquaestor'']], a [[Procurator (Nova Roma)|''procurator'']], sometimes a [[curator aranearius (Nova Roma)|''curator aranearius'']] and a provincial [[Sacerdos (Nova Roma)|''sacerdos'']].
 
Both the administrative office of the governor and the headquarter of the provincial administration are called the [[praetorium (Nova Roma)|''praetorium'']]. The governor's staff personnel, the [[cohors praetoria (Nova Roma)|''cohors praetoria'']], consist of various officials executing the orders of the governor and may include [[legatus (Nova Roma)|legates]], [[praefectus (Nova Roma)|prefects]] and [[Scriba (Nova Roma)|scribes]], more rarely a provincial [[Quaestor (Nova Roma)|''quaestor'']] or [[Quaestor (Nova Roma)|''proquaestor'']], a [[Procurator (Nova Roma)|''procurator'']], sometimes a [[curator aranearius (Nova Roma)|''curator aranearius'']] and a provincial [[Sacerdos (Nova Roma)|''sacerdos'']].
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In some provinces, the governor shares his power with a provincial council, the [[consilium provinciae (Nova Roma)|''consilium provinciae'']], sometimes mistakenly called ''curia'', but in most of the provinces it is just an advisory body to assist the governor, and there are also provinces where there is no ''consilium provinciae'' at all.
 
In some provinces, the governor shares his power with a provincial council, the [[consilium provinciae (Nova Roma)|''consilium provinciae'']], sometimes mistakenly called ''curia'', but in most of the provinces it is just an advisory body to assist the governor, and there are also provinces where there is no ''consilium provinciae'' at all.
  
It is a very important point to note, however, that provincial administrations are not territorial "self-governments"; Nova Roman ''provinciae'' are not independent or autonomous, nor free from the strict control of the central administration, but, on the contrary, they are tools of the central government to take directives and execute orders and instructions given from the senate and the consuls. The provinces of Nova Roma, just like those in the ancient republic, are a means for unity and effective administrative action, and not a provision for federalism or territorial autonomy.
 
  
==Provinciae of Nova Roma==
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==Official vocabulary==
 +
 
 +
Every citizen appointed by the Senate to the head of a province is legally a [[Governor (Nova Roma)|"governor"]].
 +
 
 +
Then, Nova Roma State makes, in its internal working, additional protocole differences, which have no legal consequences:
 +
* the governor in charge of Italian territory, such as defined by the senatus consultum, is called, for the Senate considered that Italia may not be considered as a "province" like the others, '''''praefectus''''', so '''''praefectus Italiae'''''.
 +
* the other governors are called '''''legatus pro praetore''''' (plural ''legati'')
 +
* crossing both above sub-categories, every governor may be called, by respect, by her/his current or previous highest title. For example, the governor of fictive provincia Utopia might be called, if he had served previously as consul, "Proconsul Utopiae". But the most neutral title is, in our example, "X, leg. p.p. Utopiae, proconsul".
 +
 
 +
 
 +
==Legal precedence==
 +
 
 +
The governors may be replaced at any time, and specially every year when the Senate examines their annual action, by the Patres conscripti. A governor has thus no interest to challenge the legal and moral authority of the Senate.
 +
 
 +
This consideration let aside, the governors have a wide competency in their province, owning inside the imperium and the judicial competency for trials which involve two citizens of the province.
 +
 
 +
Though they depend directly of the Senate, governors are submitted to the rule of the higher imperium: their local imperium applies as long as it does not enter in conflict with the higher imperium of the praetors or of the consuls of Nova Roma. When the application of a duly legal, in the large meaning of the word, rule issued by the central government is at stake, a governor cannot avoid relaying and applying it. In case of doubt or hesitation, (s)he must obey any consular official request. A governor will be similarly obliged to obey a praetorian request when the praetors act in the place of the consuls or in the frame of their own special administrative or judicial competencies whose execution is necessary in the concerned province.
 +
 
 +
Similarly, the governor must apply every measure issued by a central magistrate, even if this magistrate has no imperium, but works in a field which results of the application of Nova Roma Law. For example, a governor will not be allowed to oppose to the possible consequences that the official Ludi (Public games) may have in her/his province or on the provincial official action or calendar.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
==Provinces of Nova Roma==
 +
 
 +
The list of current Nova Roma provinces have been reviewed by the Senate in its session of January and March 2763 auc. Nova Roma provinciae are the following ones.
  
 
; [[Provincia America Austroccidentalis (Nova Roma)|America Austroccidentalis]]: (American Southwest) http://amaust.romanrepublic.org/
 
; [[Provincia America Austroccidentalis (Nova Roma)|America Austroccidentalis]]: (American Southwest) http://amaust.romanrepublic.org/

Revision as of 17:37, 15 June 2010

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Nova Roma Republic has at the same time a central administration and a territorial organization.

The main level of this territorial organization is the province (Latin : provincia, -ae, fem.).

Contents

Size and national correspondence

The province cannot be, in the current state of Novaroman Law, smaller than one of the national countries currently existing all around the world. On the contrary, a province may contain several national countries or, besides one or several countries, parts of them, at the local or regional level, specially to respect linguistic or cultural considerations.


Role of the provinces

As every level of Nova Roma territorial organization, the provinces relay the action of the roman republic of Nova Roma.

It is the main level of this organization. This importance is materialized by the presence, at the head of the province, of a governor, whose exact title may differ (see below).

This governor has, at this provincial level and by delegation, most of the powers owned at the central level by Nova Roma main magistrates.


Creation of a province

According Nova Roma's constitution, a province may be created or deleted by the Senate of Nova Roma, through its ordinary decision form, a senatus consultum.

The senate is thus free to create and to delete every province in order to stick to what it considers as the interest of Nova Roma.

Currently, the creation of a province and its existence is still linked to the existence, in a concerned territory (national country, etc.) of at least one citizen of Nova Roma. But the Senate might adopt, with a full legitimacy, another principle.


Applicable law

The legal base concerning Nova Roma provinces is currently Nova Roma's constitution and lex Vedia provincialis.

A lex Fabia de oppidis et municipiis deals with the creation and existence of two lower levels, contained in the provincial ones, of Nova Roma's territorial organization.


Internal provincial governance

There is currently no law defining the internal organization of the provinces.

It thus depends on the frame set by its governor, which is free organizing as (s)he wants "her/his province as long as (s)he respects the provisions of Novaroman law, specially of lex Fabia de oppidis et municipiis. For example, a province may be divided, for an appropriate administrative management, in main divisions which are named regiones.

The structure of the provincial government varies greatly depending upon the existing conditions of the provincia. This creates a flexible framework for the varying realities of the provinciae.

Both the administrative office of the governor and the headquarter of the provincial administration are called the praetorium. The governor's staff personnel, the cohors praetoria, consist of various officials executing the orders of the governor and may include legates, prefects and scribes, more rarely a provincial quaestor or proquaestor, a procurator, sometimes a curator aranearius and a provincial sacerdos.

In some provinces, the governor shares his power with a provincial council, the consilium provinciae, sometimes mistakenly called curia, but in most of the provinces it is just an advisory body to assist the governor, and there are also provinces where there is no consilium provinciae at all.


Official vocabulary

Every citizen appointed by the Senate to the head of a province is legally a "governor".

Then, Nova Roma State makes, in its internal working, additional protocole differences, which have no legal consequences:

  • the governor in charge of Italian territory, such as defined by the senatus consultum, is called, for the Senate considered that Italia may not be considered as a "province" like the others, praefectus, so praefectus Italiae.
  • the other governors are called legatus pro praetore (plural legati)
  • crossing both above sub-categories, every governor may be called, by respect, by her/his current or previous highest title. For example, the governor of fictive provincia Utopia might be called, if he had served previously as consul, "Proconsul Utopiae". But the most neutral title is, in our example, "X, leg. p.p. Utopiae, proconsul".


Legal precedence

The governors may be replaced at any time, and specially every year when the Senate examines their annual action, by the Patres conscripti. A governor has thus no interest to challenge the legal and moral authority of the Senate.

This consideration let aside, the governors have a wide competency in their province, owning inside the imperium and the judicial competency for trials which involve two citizens of the province.

Though they depend directly of the Senate, governors are submitted to the rule of the higher imperium: their local imperium applies as long as it does not enter in conflict with the higher imperium of the praetors or of the consuls of Nova Roma. When the application of a duly legal, in the large meaning of the word, rule issued by the central government is at stake, a governor cannot avoid relaying and applying it. In case of doubt or hesitation, (s)he must obey any consular official request. A governor will be similarly obliged to obey a praetorian request when the praetors act in the place of the consuls or in the frame of their own special administrative or judicial competencies whose execution is necessary in the concerned province.

Similarly, the governor must apply every measure issued by a central magistrate, even if this magistrate has no imperium, but works in a field which results of the application of Nova Roma Law. For example, a governor will not be allowed to oppose to the possible consequences that the official Ludi (Public games) may have in her/his province or on the provincial official action or calendar.


Provinces of Nova Roma

The list of current Nova Roma provinces have been reviewed by the Senate in its session of January and March 2763 auc. Nova Roma provinciae are the following ones.

America Austroccidentalis
(American Southwest) http://amaust.romanrepublic.org/
America Austrorientalis
(American Southeast) http://groups.yahoo.com/group/austrorientalis
America Boreoccidentalis 
(American Northwest)
America Medioccidentalis Superior
(America North/Central)
Argentina
(Argentina) http://argentina.novaroma.org
Asia Citerior
(Western Asia, formerly Asia Occidentalis)
Asia Ulterior
(Further Asia, formerly Asia Orientalis)
Australia
(Australia)
Brasilia
(Brazil)
Britannia
(Great Britain)
California
(California, Hawaii, Nevada) Nova Roma Provincia California Official List
Canada Ulterior
(Western Canada)
Canada Citerior
(Eastern Canada) http://groups.yahoo.com/group/canadaciteriornovaroma
Dacia
(Romania, Moldova) http://www.dacia-novaroma.org/
Gallia
(Belgium, France, Netherlands, Luxembourg) http://www.novaroma.org/nr/Provincia_Gallia_%28Nova_Roma%29
Germania
Austria, Germany, Switzerland)
Hibernia
(Ireland and Northern Ireland)
Hispania
(Portugal and Spain) http://perso.orange.es/mac856/ and http://www.geocities.com/nrhispania/
Italia
(Italy) http://italia.novaroma.org
Lacus Magni
(American Great Lakes area) http://romanrepublic.org/lacusmagni
Mediatlantica
(American East/Central)
Mexico
(Mexico)http://groups.yahoo.com/group/nrprovinciamexico/
Nova Britannia
(American Northeast) http://www.novabritannia.org
Pannonia
(Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia) http://www.nrpannonia.iweb.hu
Sarmatia
(Ukraine, Russia, Byelaruss) http://sarmatia.org
Thule
(Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden) http://thule.novaroma.org
Venedia
(Poland)

Map of Nova Roman Provinces

Nrworld.gif

List of current Governors

Name Abrv Countries (links to provincial lists/web pages included) Current governor
1 Italia ITA Italy, Vatican, San Marino, Malta and Switzerland Italian-speaking territories Praefectus Italiae Cn. Cornelius Lentulus
2 Alasca et Havaia AEH USA - Alaska and Hawaii Proconsul M. Pompeius Caninus
3 America Cismississippiana ACM USA - Illinois and Indiana Legatus pro praetore Ti. Aurelius Longinus
4 America Deserta AMD USA - Arizona, Nevada and Utah Proconsul C. Tullius Valerianus Germanicus
5 America Gallica AGL USA - Arkansas and Louisiana Legatus pro praetore Ti. Marcius Ramazinus
6 America Hispanica AHS USA - New Mexico and Colorado Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
7 America Mississippiensis AMS USA - Mississippi and Alabama Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
8 America Missuriensis AMO USA - Iowa and Missouri Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
9 America Montana AMW USA - Montana and Wyoming Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
10 America Nebrascensis ANE USA - Nebraska and Kansas Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
11 America Noveboracensis ANB USA - New York and New Jersey Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
12 America Oregonensis AOR USA - Idaho, Oregon and Washington Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
13 America Texia ATX USA - Texas and Oklahoma Legatus pro praetore P. Quinctius Petrus Augustinus
14 America Transappalachiana ATA U.S.A. States of USA - Tennessee and Kentucky Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
15 Argentina ARG Argentine, Paraguay and Uruguay Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
16 Australia AUS Australia and New Zealand Legatus pro praetore M. Claudius Nero
17 Brasilia BRA Brazil Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
18 Britannia BRT United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Ireland Legatus pro praetore C. Marcius Crispus
19 California Angelensis CAA USA - California south of Paso Robles and Delano Proconsul Q. Fabius Maximus
20 California Franciscensis CAF USA - California north of Paso Robles and Delano Proconsul Q. Fabius Maximus
21 Canada Citerior CCI Canada - Ontario, Québec, Labrador-Terre Neuve, New Brunswick and New Scotland Proconsul C. Claudius Quadratus
22 Canada Ulterior CUL Canada - Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, British Columbia, Yukon, Northwest and Nunavut Proconsul C. Claudius Quadratus
23 Carolina CAR USA - North Carolina and South Carolina Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
24 Columbia COL USA - Maryland and the District of Columbia Proconsul T. Domitius Draco with imperium maius
25 Dacia DAC Romania and Moldavia to river Dniestr Proconsul T. Iulius Sabinus
26 Dacota DNS USA - North Dakota and South Dakota Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
27 Gallia GAL Netherlands, Luxembourg, Belgium without the German-speaking territories, France except French overseas territories, Monaco and Switzerland French-speaking territories Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
28 Georgia Florida GAF U.S.A. USA - Florida and Georgia Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
29 Germania GER Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, Switzerland German-speaking territories and Belgium German-speaking territories Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
30 Guria GUR North Korea and South Korea Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
31 Hispania HIS Portugal and Spain Praetor Q. Lutatius Catulus
32 Lacus Magni LMG USA - Wisconsin and Michigan Legatus pro praetore C. Decius Laterensis
33 Marcomannia MAR Czechia and Slovakia Legatus pro praetore Ti. Iulius Nerva
34 Mediatlantica MED USA - Pennsylvania and Delaware Proconsul T. Domitius Draco with imperium maius
35 Minnesota MIN USA - Minnesota Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
36 Nipponia NIP Japan Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
37 Nova Britannia Citerior NBC USA - Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
38 Nova Britannia Ulterior NBU USA - Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. Legatus pro praetore A. Iulius Paterculus
39 Nova Hispania NHS Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
40 Ohio OHO USA - Ohio Legatus pro praetore C. Decius Laterensis
41 Pannonia PAN Slovenia and Hungary Legatus pro praetore Cn. Cornelius Lentulus
42 Sarmatia SAR Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, and the Transnistria (East Bank of river Dniestr) Proconsul Sex. Lucilius Tutor
43 Thule THU Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Finland Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
44 Thracia THR Bulgaria Legatus pro praetore A. Vitellius Celsus
45 Venedia VEN Poland Proconsul Sex. Lucilius Tutor
46 Virginia VIR USA - Virginia and West Virginia Legatus pro praetore L. Marius Vestinus
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