Censor (Nova Roma)
One of the magistracies of Nova Roma. There are two censores.
Censores are very respected magistrates with the highest auctoritas to safeguard the public morality and honour but third in rank after the consules and praetores, because they do not possess imperium, and have no power to convene either the senate or an assembly of the people. Their principal duty is to maintain the lists of citizens, equestrians and senators.
To stand for election as censor, a potential candidate is required to be at least 30 years old, must be assiduus, must have been a citizen of Nova Roma for at least four years, and must have previously held the position of praetor or consul for at least six months, or served as Provincial Governor for at least three years, or held the position of Senator for a year.
Duties and powers of the censores
The two censores:
- conduct the census of Nova Roma.
- maintain the rolls of citizens, senators, equestrians.
- approve new citizens to Nova Roma.
- approve, discipline, or remove senators of Nova Roma.
- maintain the database of century allocations, tribal alignments and make sure the laws that are related to the allocations of citizens are properly enforced.
- issue voter codes to citizens of Nova Roma.
- handle the resignations of citizens and magistrates.
- are guardians of public morality (cura morum).
- Censor overview: a comparison of ancient Roman and Nova Roman censores