Magistracy overview

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Overview of Consules
The consules were the highest civil and military magistrates, being both heads of state and heads of government. Learn more...
Consules in Roma Antiqua

After the expulsion of the last of the seven legendary kings of Rome, Tarquinius Superbus in 510 BC, two consules were elected annually by the comitia centuriata. With equal power they shared the full civil authority in Rome and the chief military command in the field and their names were used to date the year. Consules were "curule magistrates" and had imperium. They were accompanied by twelve lictors. Consules convened and presided over the Senate and they saw to the execution of its decrees. They also convened and presided over the comitia centuriata and comitia populi tributa, conducting elections and putting legislative measures to the vote.

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Consules in Nova Roma

The consulship is the highest executive magistracy of Nova Roma. The two consules are co-presidents of the republic.

Consules of year 2766 AUC: Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix (III) - Sole Consul

Vide: Officina Consulum MMDCCLXIV

The domain of authority of the consules includes:

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Overview of "Praetores"
The praetores are the second highest magistracies of the Roman Republic and are considered as lower colleagues of the consules. Learn more...
Praetores in Roma Antiqua

Praetors were "curule magistrates" and had imperium, and consequently were one of the magistratus maiores: but they owed respect and obedience to the consuls. They were accompanied by six lictors and performed mainly judicial functions. Originally there was one praetor elected as minor colleague to the consules.

The praetor could command the armies of the state; and while the consuls were absent with the armies, he exercised their functions within the city. The Latin word "praetor" means literally "who goes before", "who precedes" and we can translate it as "president", "leader" and "commander". [1]

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Praetores in Nova Roma

One of the magistracies of Nova Roma. There is one Praetor of year 2766:

Vide: Officium Praetorium MMDCCLXVI

The domain of authority of the praetores includes:

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Overview of "Censores"
Censores are very respected magistrates with the highest auctoritas but third in rank after the consules and praetores. Learn more...
Censores in Roma Antiqua

The censores were two in number, elected from men of consular dignity, at a interval of five years (lustrum) and holding office for eighteen months. They ranked as magistratus maiores, but did not possess the imperium, and had no power to convene either the senate or an assembly of the people. The property registration, of which the censors had charge, was called census, and on it depended the position of a citizen in the centuriae.

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Censores in Nova Roma

One of the magistracies of Nova Roma. There are two censores Censores of year 2763 AUC:

The domain of authority of the censores includes:

  • conducting the biennal census of Nova Roma.
  • maintaining the rolls of citizens, senators, ordo equester members, the database of century allocations and tribal alignments.
  • being guardians of public morality.
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Overview of "Aediles"
Aediles are public magistrates charged with maintaining public services such as roads, water supply, public buildings. They also protect the public safety and oversee marketplaces. The most visible function, however, is in the staging of public games (ludi). Learn more...
Aediles in Roma Antiqua

The name "aedile" is said to come from their having the care of the temple (aedes) of Ceres. There were originally two, called aediles plebeii. They were the assistants of the tribunes in such matters as the tribunes entrusted to them, including the hearing of causes of smaller importance.

The aedileship was created at the same time as that of the tribuni plebis, B.C. 494 BCE. Shortly thereafter (446 BCE), they were appointed the keepers of the senatus consulta. (Liv. iii.55) They were also the keepers of the plebiscita. Other functions were gradually entrusted to them, and it is not always easy to distinguish their duties from some of those which belong to the censors; nor to distinguish all the duties of the plebeian and curule aediles, after the establishment of the curule aedileship.

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Aediles in Nova Roma

There are in total four aediles, two "curule aediles" and two "plebeian aediles" in Nova Roma. They are elected each year and serve one year terms. All candidates must be assidui and additionally only plebeians may run for plebeian aedile.

The domain of authority of all aediles includes our Ludi (virtual games). Additionally, the curule aediles are responsible for care of the Macellum (marketplace) and the Magna Mater Project (see information below).

Nova Roma Aediles

Fasti aedilicii (Nova Roma)

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Overview of "Quaestores"
Quaestores are lower magistrates with financial and other administrative tasks assigned to higher magistrates. Learn more...
Quaestores in Roma Antiqua

Quaestores were public officials in ancient Rome responsible for finance and administration in various areas of government and the military. Quaestura was first mentioned in the Laws of the Twelve Tables.

They were divided in two distinct classes of Roman officers. Acording to Varro "the one class therefore had to do with the collecting and keeping of the public revenues, and the others were a kind of public accusers. The former bore the name of quaestores classici, the latter of quaestores parricidii".

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Quaestores in Nova Roma

Quaestura is one of the lower magistracies of Nova Roma. Eight quaestores are elected annually by the comitia populi tributa to serve as aides and financial administrators to the consules, praetores, and aediles.

One quaestor shall be assigned to each of these magistrates by mutual agreement or, if such cannot be made, by decision of the newly-elected consuls. They shall have the power and obligation to administer those funds that shall be allocated to them by the Senate in its annual budget under the supervision of that magistrate to whom they are assigned. Those quaestors assigned directly to the consuls shall supervise the whole of the aerarium (treasury), but no funds may be spent without the prior approval of the Senate.

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Overview of "Vigintisexviri"
The vigintisexviratus is a college of the lowest elected magistrates and the name of their office literally means "Twenty-Six Men". There are various magistrates collectively called viginisexviri. Learn more...
Vigintisexviri in Roma Antiqua

The vigintisexviri was a college of minor magistrates in the Roman Republic and the name literally means "Twenty-Six Men". The college consisted of:

  • Decemviri stlitibus iudicandis - 10 magistrates who judged lawsuits, including those dealing with whether a man was free or a slave.
  • Tresviri capitales, also known as nocturni - three magistrates who had a police function in Rome, in charge of prisons and the execution of criminals.
  • Tresviri aere argento auro flando feriundo, also known as tresviri monetales - three magistrates who were in charge of striking and casting bronze, silver and copper (minting coins).
  • Quattuorviri viis in urbe purgandis, also known as quattorviri viarum curandarum - four magistrates overseeing road maintenance within the city of Rome.
  • Duoviri viis extra urbem purgandis, also known as duoviri curatores viarum - two magistrates overseeing road maintenance near Rome.
  • Praefecti Capuam Cumas - four praefecti sent to Capua and Cumae in Campania to administer justice there.
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Vigintisexviri in Nova Roma

One of the lowest elected offices of Nova Roma. They are:

  • Magister Aranearius - The Magister Aranearius is the official webmaster of Nova Roma. He is responsible for the design, the database, the server and maintenance, and any alteration of the website www.novaroma.org and of all official web sites sponsored by the Nova Roma, except for the parts under the control of other magistrates.
  • Editor Commentariorum - The Editor Commentariorum (editor of written news) is responsible for the production, publication, and distribution of the official publications sponsored by the State.
  • Rogatores - The Rogatores may carry out the routine maintenance of the Album Civium and the Album Gentium in concert with the magister aranearius.
  • Diribitores - Four Diribitores are responsible for the counting of votes.
  • Custodes - Two Custodes are responsible for certifying the tally of votes in elections as reported to them by the diribitores, breaking any ties among the centuries and tribes, and providing the results of elections to the magistrates presiding over the elections.
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