NOVA ROMA is a sovereign nation. We see ourselves as the direct spiritual successors to the Roman Empire itself, although we have deliberately turned back to the best of the Republican era for our political insitutions and forms. To this end, we have created a Constitution that details the political and religious mechanisms by which our nation operates. In antiquity, the Cursus Honorum was the "way of honor"; the series of political offices that culminated with election to the Consulship.
On the day before the Kalends of Martius, in the year 2,750 ab urbe conditia (February 28th, 1998 CE), the Senate and People of Nova Roma issued a declaration to the world announcing our formal investiture as a sovereign nation and outlining our broadest goals.
In declaring ourselves to be a sovereign nation, we have taken a bold step, but hardly one that is without precedent. The concept of "model nations" or "micronations" is one that has grown significantly in recent decades, and it is in that spirit that our sovereignty is proclaimed. Even though we do make modest territorial claims in "the real world", and are completely serious in making them, we have also established, as one of our most basic tenets in this regard, that we wish to achieve these goals peacefully and consensually, and:
In other words, we have zero interest in following the path set by the "Freemen" of Montana and other groups, and we will not tolerate attempts to push us in that direction. We will either purchase our territories legally or have them given to us freely by those who see the righteousness of our cause. Until then we are content to function as a "government in exile".
We do, however, have a national flag (the flag is a use-protected TradeMark of Nova Roma). We do not as of yet have a national anthem.
As an independent and sovereign nation, Nova Roma does engage in foreign relations with other nations.
The basic unit of administration within Nova Roma is the Provincia. In most cases, Provinciae follow national boundaries, but in some instances (for example, the United States), a given country may be divided into a number of different Provinciae. At the discretion of the governor of a given Provincia, it may further be divided into Regiae. In the United States and Canada, such Regiae usually follow state boundaries. Provincial governors will bear one of four titles; Consul, Praetor, Proconsul, or Propraetor, and are appointed by the Senate.
Elections of magistrates take place in December of each year. Terms of office begin on the Kalends of Ianuarius (January 1st) and usually last for one year, with the exception of the Censors, who are elected to two-year terms. Some magistrates are appointed by the Senate, a body composed mostly of former magistrates who are the chief policy-makers of Nova Roma, issuing Senatus consulta on various topics. These, as well as laws passed by the three comitia, edicts issued by the magistrates, and other official documents, may be found in the Tabularium.
All magistrates are required to honor the Religio Romana. They need not be devout Roman Pagans in their private lives, but must be respectful of it in their public role as magistrates.
Becoming a Citizen
Anyone interested in ancient Rome may apply for Citizenship in NOVA ROMA, with both men and women having equal opportunities to participate in political life, both in voting and in holding office. You may click here for an application. People may submit applications via this Internet form or by mail. We discourage frivolous applications, and expect a level of serious commitment from our Citizens. The benefits of Citizenship are many and varied, and include:
Trajan's Rome, a site geared for teachers and presented by the Getty Education Institute for the Arts, includes an activity in which students analyze actual Roman court cases. http://www.artsednet.getty.edu/ArtsEdNet/Resources/Trajan/toc.html
The Micronations Page
The World's Smallest Countries
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