Feriae

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The Oxford Classical Dictionary (ISBN 0198606419) states the following for '''Feriae''', listed under "Festivals, Roman"
 
The Oxford Classical Dictionary (ISBN 0198606419) states the following for '''Feriae''', listed under "Festivals, Roman"
  
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The word ''feriae'' applied to specific days, and in its narrowest sense meant simply 'festival' or 'holiday'.  Thus, it is seen in general use in the name of a given festival, to simply mean 'festival to'.
 
The word ''feriae'' applied to specific days, and in its narrowest sense meant simply 'festival' or 'holiday'.  Thus, it is seen in general use in the name of a given festival, to simply mean 'festival to'.
  
Feriae were of three types:
+
Feriae may be divided into two broad classes: feriae publicae and feriae privatae <ref>[http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/secondary/SMIGRA*/Feriae.html Smith's Dictionary, "Feriae".]</ref>.
 +
 
 +
==''Feriae Privatae''==
 +
 
 +
==''Feriae Publicae''==
 +
 
 +
''Feriae publicae'' were of three types:
  
 
*feriae ''stativae'', which were held on a fixed date, held annually;
 
*feriae ''stativae'', which were held on a fixed date, held annually;
Line 13: Line 21:
 
Most feriae were also included in the various [[Fasti]], which have been found in homes, inside and outside temples, and in other places in public view.
 
Most feriae were also included in the various [[Fasti]], which have been found in homes, inside and outside temples, and in other places in public view.
  
==Feriae Stativae==
+
===''Feriae stativae''===
  
 
The following Feriae Stativae are found in the [[Fasti]]:
 
The following Feriae Stativae are found in the [[Fasti]]:
  
===Mensis Martius (March)===
 
 
{|border=1
 
{|border=1
|''Feriae (Deities honoured)''
+
|''Feriae (Deities honoured)''||''Date(s)''||''Source(s)''<ref>Fowler, W. Warde. ''The Roman Festivals of the Period of the Republic.'' MacMillan and Co., 1908.</ref>&nbsp;<ref>Scullard, H.H. ''Festivals and Ceremonies of the Roman Republic.'' Thames and Hudson, 1981.</ref>
|''Date(s)''
+
|''Source(s)''
+
 
|-
 
|-
|Feriae Marti ([[Mars]])
+
!colspan=3 |Mensis Martius (March)
|1 March - 24 March
+
|Fowler (35-43)
+
 
|-
 
|-
|Equirria ([[Mars]])
+
|Feriae Marti ([[Mars]])||1 Mar. - 24 Mar.||Fowler (35-43), Scullard (85-87)
|14 March
+
|Fowler (44-50)
+
 
|-
 
|-
|Feriae Annae Perennae ([[Anna Perenna]])
+
|Equirria ([[Mars]])||14 Mar. ||Fowler (44-50), Scullard (89)
|15 March
+
|Fowler (50-54)
+
 
|-
 
|-
|Liberalia ([[Liber]])/Agonia ([[Ianus]])
+
|Feriae Annae Perennae ([[Anna Perenna]])||15 Mar.||Fowler (50-54), Scullard (90)
|17 March
+
|Fowler (54-57)
+
 
|-
 
|-
|Quinquatrus ([[Mars]])/([[Minerva]])
+
|Liberalia ([[Liber]])/Agonia ([[Ianus]])||17 Mar.||Fowler (54-57), Scullard (91-92)
|19 March
+
|Fowler (57-62)
+
 
|-
 
|-
|Tubilustrium
+
|Quinquatrus ([[Mars]])/([[Minerva]])||19 Mar.||Fowler (57-62), Scullard (92-94)
|23 March
+
|Fowler (62-65)
+
 
|-
 
|-
|[[QRCF|Q[uando] R[ex] C[omitavit] F[as]]]
+
|Tubilustrium||23 Mar.||Fowler (62-65), Scullard (94-95)
|24 March
+
|-
|Fowler (62-65)
+
|[[QRCF|Q[uando] R[ex] C[omitavit] F[as]]]||24 Mar.||Fowler (62-65), Scullard (95)
 +
|-
 +
!colspan=3 |Mensis Aprilis (April)
 
|-
 
|-
|}
 
 
===Mensis Aprilis (April)===
 
{| border=1
 
 
|Veneralia ([[Venus]])
 
|Veneralia ([[Venus]])
|1 April
+
|1 Apr.
 
|Fowler (67-69)
 
|Fowler (67-69)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[Megalesia|Ludi Magnae Matri Deum]] ([[Magna Mater]])
 
|[[Megalesia|Ludi Magnae Matri Deum]] ([[Magna Mater]])
|4-10 April
+
|4-10 Apr.
 
|Fowler (69-71)
 
|Fowler (69-71)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Fordicidia
 
|Fordicidia
|15 April
+
|15 Apr.
 
|Fowler (71-72)
 
|Fowler (71-72)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Cerialia ([[Ceres]])
 
|Cerialia ([[Ceres]])
|19 April
+
|19 Apr.
 
|Fowler (72-79)
 
|Fowler (72-79)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[Parilia]]
 
|[[Parilia]]
|21 April
+
|21 Apr.
 
|Fowler (79-85)
 
|Fowler (79-85)
 
|-
 
|-
|Vinalia
+
|[[Vinalia|Vinalia Priora]]
|23 April
+
|23 Apr.
 
|Fowler (85-88)
 
|Fowler (85-88)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Robigalia ([[Robigus]])
 
|Robigalia ([[Robigus]])
|25 April
+
|25 Apr.
 
|Fowler (88-91)
 
|Fowler (88-91)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Ludi Florae ([[Flora]])
 
|Ludi Florae ([[Flora]])
|28 April - 3 May
+
|28 Apr. - 3 Mai.
 
|Fowler (91-95)
 
|Fowler (91-95)
 
|-
 
|-
|}
+
!colspan=3| Mensis Maius (May)
 
+
|-
===Mensis Maius (May)===
+
 
+
{| border=1
+
 
|Laribus ([[Lar|Lares]])
 
|Laribus ([[Lar|Lares]])
|1 May
+
|1 Mai.
 
|Fowler (100-106)
 
|Fowler (100-106)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[Lemuria]]
 
|[[Lemuria]]
|9 May
+
|9, 11, and 13 Mai.
 
|Fowler (106-111)
 
|Fowler (106-111)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[Agonalia|Agonia]] ([[Ianus]], [[Tiberinus]])
 
|[[Agonalia|Agonia]] ([[Ianus]], [[Tiberinus]])
|21 May
+
|21 Mai.
 
|Fowler (121-122)
 
|Fowler (121-122)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Tubilustrium ([[Vulcanus]])
 
|Tubilustrium ([[Vulcanus]])
|23 May
+
|23 Mai.
 
|Fowler (123-124)
 
|Fowler (123-124)
|}
+
|-
 
+
!colspan=3 |Mensis Iunius (June)
===Mensis Iunius (June)===
+
|-
{| border=1
+
 
|Vestalia ([[Vesta]])
 
|Vestalia ([[Vesta]])
|9 June
+
|9 Iun.
 
|Fowler (145-154)
 
|Fowler (145-154)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Matralia ([[Magna Mater]])
 
|Matralia ([[Magna Mater]])
|11 June
+
|11 Iun.
 
|Fowler (154-157)
 
|Fowler (154-157)
|}
+
|-
 
+
!colspan=3 |Mensis Quinctilis (July)
===Mensis Quinctilis (July)===
+
|-
{| border=1
+
 
|[[Poplifugium]]
 
|[[Poplifugium]]
|5 July
+
|5 Quint.
 
|Fowler (174-179)
 
|Fowler (174-179)
 
|-
 
|-
|Ludi Apollinares ([[Apollo]])
+
|[[Ludi Apollinares]] ([[Apollo]])
|6-13 July
+
|6-13 Quint.
 
|Fowler (179-182)
 
|Fowler (179-182)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[Lucaria]]
 
|[[Lucaria]]
|19 and 21 July
+
|19 and 21 Quint.
 
|Fowler (182-185)
 
|Fowler (182-185)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Neptunalia ([[Neptunus]])
 
|Neptunalia ([[Neptunus]])
|23 July
+
|23 Quint.
 
|Fowler (185-187)
 
|Fowler (185-187)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Furrinalia ([[Furrina]])
 
|Furrinalia ([[Furrina]])
|25 July
+
|25 Quint.
 
|Fowler (187-188)
 
|Fowler (187-188)
 
|-
 
|-
|}
+
!colspan=3 |Mensis Sextilis (August)
 
+
|-
===Mensis Sextilis (August)===
+
 
+
{|border=1
+
 
|Portunalia ([[Portunus]])
 
|Portunalia ([[Portunus]])
|17 August
+
|17 Sex.
 
|Fowler (202-204)
 
|Fowler (202-204)
 
|-
 
|-
|[[Vinalia]]
+
|[[Vinalia|Vinalia Rustica]]
|19 August
+
|19 Sex.
 
|Fowler (204-206)
 
|Fowler (204-206)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Consualia ([[Consus]])
 
|Consualia ([[Consus]])
|21 August
+
|21 Sex.
 
|Fowler (206-209)
 
|Fowler (206-209)
 
|-
 
|-
|Volcanalia ([[Vulcanus]])
+
|[[Volcanalia]] ([[Vulcanus]])
|23 August
+
|23 Sex.
 
|Fowler (209-211)
 
|Fowler (209-211)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[Mundus|Mundus Patet]]
 
|[[Mundus|Mundus Patet]]
|24 August
+
|24 Sex.
 
|Fowler (211-212)
 
|Fowler (211-212)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Opiconsivia ([[Ops]])
 
|Opiconsivia ([[Ops]])
|25 August
+
|25 Sex.
 
|Fowler (212-214)
 
|Fowler (212-214)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Volturnalia ([[Volturnus]])
 
|Volturnalia ([[Volturnus]])
|27 August
+
|27 Sex.
 
|Fowler (214)
 
|Fowler (214)
 +
|-
 +
!colspan=3 |Mensis September
 +
|-
 +
|[[Ludi Romani]]
 +
|5-19 September
 +
|Fowler (?)
 +
|-
 +
|[[Epulum Iovis]] ([[Iuppiter]])||13 September||Fowler (217-220)
 +
|-
 +
!colspan=3 |Mensis October
 +
|-
 +
|Fidei ([[Fides]])||1 Oct.||Fowler (237-239)
 +
|-
 +
|[[Mundus|Mundus Patet]]||5 Oct.||Fowler (211-212; cf. 239)
 +
|-
 +
|[[Meditrinalia]]||11 Oct.||Fowler (239-240)
 +
|-
 +
|Fontinalia||13 Oct.||Fowler (240-241)
 +
|-
 +
|[[Equus october|Equus October]]||15 Oct.||Fowler (241-250)
 +
|-
 +
|Armilustrium||19 Oct.||Fowler (250-251)
 +
|-
 +
!colspan=3 |Mensis November
 +
|-
 +
|colspan=3 align=center |''Feriae nullae''
 +
|-
 +
!colspan=3 |Mensis December
 +
|-
 +
|Faunalia Rustica||5 Dec.||Fowler (256-265)
 +
|-
 +
|[[Agonalia|Agonium]]||11 Dec.||Fowler (265-267)
 +
|-
 +
|Consualia ([[Consus]])||15 Dec.||Fowler (267-268)
 +
|-
 +
|[[Saturnalia]] ([[Saturnus]])||17 Dec.||Fowler (268-273)
 +
|-
 +
|Opalia ([[Ops]])||19 Dec.||Fowler (273-274)
 +
|-
 +
|Divalia ([[Angerona]])||21 Dec.||Fowler (274-275)
 +
|-
 +
|Larentalia ([[Acca Larentia]])||23 Dec.||Fowler (275-276)
 +
|-
 +
!colspan=3 |Mensis Ianuarius (January)
 +
|-
 +
|[[Aesculapius|Aesculapio]], [[Vediovis|Vediovi]]||1 Ian.||Fowler (277-278), Scullard (55-58)
 +
|-
 +
|[[Vica Pota|Vicae Potae]]||5 Ian.||Scullard (60)
 +
|-
 +
|[[Agonalia]]||9 Ian.||Scullard (60-61)
 +
|-
 +
|[[Iuturna|Iuturnae]]||11 Ian.||Scullard (64-65)
 +
|-
 +
|Carmentalia ([[Carmentis]])||11 and 15 Ian.||Fowler (290-296), Scullard (62-64)
 +
|-
 +
!colspan=3 |Mensis Februarius (February)
 +
|-
 +
|[[Iuno|Iunoni Sospitae]]||1 Feb.||Fowler (302), Scullard (70-71)
 +
|-
 +
|[[Concordia|Concordiae in Capitolio]]||5 Feb.||Scullard (72)
 +
|-
 +
|[[Faunus|Fauno]]||13 Feb.||Fowler (302), Scullard (72)
 +
|-
 +
|[[Virgo Vestalis|Parentalia]]||13 Feb.||Fowler (306-310), Scullard (74-76)
 +
|-
 +
|[[Lupercalia]]||15 Feb.||Fowler (310-321), Scullard (76-78)
 +
|-
 +
|Quirinalia ([[Quirinus]])||17 Feb.||Fowler (322-324), Scullard (78-79)
 +
|-
 +
|[[Feralia]]||21 Feb.||Scullard (74-76)
 +
|-
 +
|Caristia||22 Feb.||Scullard (74-76)
 +
|-
 +
|Terminalia ([[Terminus]])||23 Feb.||Fowler (324-327), Scullard (79-80)
 +
|-
 +
|[[Regifugium]]||24 Feb.||Fowler (327-330), Scullard (81-82)
 +
|-
 +
|Equirria ([[Mars]])||27 Feb.||Fowler (330-331), Scullard (82)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 +
===''Feriae conceptivae''===
 +
 +
===''Feriae imperativae''===
 +
 +
 +
==References==
 +
<references/>
 +
[[Category:Roman religion]]

Latest revision as of 07:58, 2 February 2013

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Roman calendar


Introduction
Roman dates
Kalends - Nones - Ides
Nundinae - Feriae


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The Oxford Classical Dictionary (ISBN 0198606419) states the following for Feriae, listed under "Festivals, Roman"

The basic notion included not only the hounouring of the gods, but also restrictions on public life: the courts were closed, some agricultural work was restricted, and in some cases holidays given to other workers.

The word feriae applied to specific days, and in its narrowest sense meant simply 'festival' or 'holiday'. Thus, it is seen in general use in the name of a given festival, to simply mean 'festival to'.

Feriae may be divided into two broad classes: feriae publicae and feriae privatae [1] .

Contents

Feriae Privatae

Feriae Publicae

Feriae publicae were of three types:

  • feriae stativae, which were held on a fixed date, held annually;
  • feriae conceptivae, which were held on a date determined by various officials, also held annually; and
  • feriae imperativae, which were decreed by the Senate or various other bodies of the State, and held at the decreed date.

Most feriae were also included in the various Fasti, which have been found in homes, inside and outside temples, and in other places in public view.

Feriae stativae

The following Feriae Stativae are found in the Fasti:

Feriae (Deities honoured) Date(s) Source(s)[2]

 [3]

Mensis Martius (March)
Feriae Marti (Mars) 1 Mar. - 24 Mar. Fowler (35-43), Scullard (85-87)
Equirria (Mars) 14 Mar. Fowler (44-50), Scullard (89)
Feriae Annae Perennae (Anna Perenna) 15 Mar. Fowler (50-54), Scullard (90)
Liberalia (Liber)/Agonia (Ianus) 17 Mar. Fowler (54-57), Scullard (91-92)
Quinquatrus (Mars)/(Minerva) 19 Mar. Fowler (57-62), Scullard (92-94)
Tubilustrium 23 Mar. Fowler (62-65), Scullard (94-95)
Q[uando] R[ex] C[omitavit] F[as] 24 Mar. Fowler (62-65), Scullard (95)
Mensis Aprilis (April)
Veneralia (Venus) 1 Apr. Fowler (67-69)
Ludi Magnae Matri Deum (Magna Mater) 4-10 Apr. Fowler (69-71)
Fordicidia 15 Apr. Fowler (71-72)
Cerialia (Ceres) 19 Apr. Fowler (72-79)
Parilia 21 Apr. Fowler (79-85)
Vinalia Priora 23 Apr. Fowler (85-88)
Robigalia (Robigus) 25 Apr. Fowler (88-91)
Ludi Florae (Flora) 28 Apr. - 3 Mai. Fowler (91-95)
Mensis Maius (May)
Laribus (Lares) 1 Mai. Fowler (100-106)
Lemuria 9, 11, and 13 Mai. Fowler (106-111)
Agonia (Ianus, Tiberinus) 21 Mai. Fowler (121-122)
Tubilustrium (Vulcanus) 23 Mai. Fowler (123-124)
Mensis Iunius (June)
Vestalia (Vesta) 9 Iun. Fowler (145-154)
Matralia (Magna Mater) 11 Iun. Fowler (154-157)
Mensis Quinctilis (July)
Poplifugium 5 Quint. Fowler (174-179)
Ludi Apollinares (Apollo) 6-13 Quint. Fowler (179-182)
Lucaria 19 and 21 Quint. Fowler (182-185)
Neptunalia (Neptunus) 23 Quint. Fowler (185-187)
Furrinalia (Furrina) 25 Quint. Fowler (187-188)
Mensis Sextilis (August)
Portunalia (Portunus) 17 Sex. Fowler (202-204)
Vinalia Rustica 19 Sex. Fowler (204-206)
Consualia (Consus) 21 Sex. Fowler (206-209)
Volcanalia (Vulcanus) 23 Sex. Fowler (209-211)
Mundus Patet 24 Sex. Fowler (211-212)
Opiconsivia (Ops) 25 Sex. Fowler (212-214)
Volturnalia (Volturnus) 27 Sex. Fowler (214)
Mensis September
Ludi Romani 5-19 September Fowler (?)
Epulum Iovis (Iuppiter) 13 September Fowler (217-220)
Mensis October
Fidei (Fides) 1 Oct. Fowler (237-239)
Mundus Patet 5 Oct. Fowler (211-212; cf. 239)
Meditrinalia 11 Oct. Fowler (239-240)
Fontinalia 13 Oct. Fowler (240-241)
Equus October 15 Oct. Fowler (241-250)
Armilustrium 19 Oct. Fowler (250-251)
Mensis November
Feriae nullae
Mensis December
Faunalia Rustica 5 Dec. Fowler (256-265)
Agonium 11 Dec. Fowler (265-267)
Consualia (Consus) 15 Dec. Fowler (267-268)
Saturnalia (Saturnus) 17 Dec. Fowler (268-273)
Opalia (Ops) 19 Dec. Fowler (273-274)
Divalia (Angerona) 21 Dec. Fowler (274-275)
Larentalia (Acca Larentia) 23 Dec. Fowler (275-276)
Mensis Ianuarius (January)
Aesculapio, Vediovi 1 Ian. Fowler (277-278), Scullard (55-58)
Vicae Potae 5 Ian. Scullard (60)
Agonalia 9 Ian. Scullard (60-61)
Iuturnae 11 Ian. Scullard (64-65)
Carmentalia (Carmentis) 11 and 15 Ian. Fowler (290-296), Scullard (62-64)
Mensis Februarius (February)
Iunoni Sospitae 1 Feb. Fowler (302), Scullard (70-71)
Concordiae in Capitolio 5 Feb. Scullard (72)
Fauno 13 Feb. Fowler (302), Scullard (72)
Parentalia 13 Feb. Fowler (306-310), Scullard (74-76)
Lupercalia 15 Feb. Fowler (310-321), Scullard (76-78)
Quirinalia (Quirinus) 17 Feb. Fowler (322-324), Scullard (78-79)
Feralia 21 Feb. Scullard (74-76)
Caristia 22 Feb. Scullard (74-76)
Terminalia (Terminus) 23 Feb. Fowler (324-327), Scullard (79-80)
Regifugium 24 Feb. Fowler (327-330), Scullard (81-82)
Equirria (Mars) 27 Feb. Fowler (330-331), Scullard (82)

Feriae conceptivae

Feriae imperativae

References

  1. Smith's Dictionary, "Feriae".
  2. Fowler, W. Warde. The Roman Festivals of the Period of the Republic. MacMillan and Co., 1908.
  3. Scullard, H.H. Festivals and Ceremonies of the Roman Republic. Thames and Hudson, 1981.

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