Consul overview

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Overview of Consules
The consules were the highest civil and military magistrates, being both heads of state and heads of government. Learn more...
Consules in Roma Antiqua

After the expulsion of the last of the seven legendary kings of Rome, Tarquinius Superbus in 510 BC, two consules were elected annually by the comitia centuriata who inherited the full power of the kings, except the right to create laws without the vote of the people. With equal power they shared the full civil authority in Rome and the chief military command in the field and their names were used to date the year. They were in charge of the judiciary system and of the religious duties of the state, but they gradually had to share they involvement in these with the praetors and the aediles. The consuls were "curule magistrates" and had imperium and were accompanied by twelve lictors. The consuls convened and presided over the senate and they saw to the execution of its decrees. They also convened and presided over the comitia centuriata and comitia populi tributa, conducting elections and putting legislative measures to the vote.

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Consules in Nova Roma

The consulship is the highest executive magistracy of Nova Roma. The two consules are co-presidents of the republic, and it means that they are the co-presidents of the corporation of Nova Roma, Inc.. The consuls of Nova Roma have the same duties as the consuls of ancient Rome, but adapted to our modern circumstances and the conditions of our existence as an international cultural organization. While the consuls of ancient Rome were the commanders-in-chief of real armies, our consuls are the ceremonial commanders-in-chief of our legionary reenactment groups. Our Nova Roman consuls are still in charge of the entire government, but they naturally don't have any tools of enforcing their orders physically. The consuls of Nova Roma have corporate administrative tools to maintain disciple and to ensure that our organization continues to work towards its goals.

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Selected links (Roma Antiqua)
Selected photo
At Roman Days MMDCCLV, the consul maior of that year (1) and three past consuls (2 3 4) pose with Senatrix Patricia Cassia

Consules projects
Overview of other magistracies
Magistracy overview portals: All magistracies - Consul - Praetor - Censor - Aedilis - Quaestor - Vigintisexvir - All portals
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