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The Oxford Classical Dictionary (ISBN 0198606419) states the following for Feriae, listed under "Festivals, Roman"

The basic notion included not only the hounouring of the gods, but also restrictions on public life: the courts were closed, some agricultural work was restricted, and in some cases holidays given to other workers.

The word feriae applied to specific days, and in its narrowest sense meant simply 'festival' or 'holiday'. Thus, it is seen in general use in the name of a given festival, to simply mean 'festival to'.

Feriae were of three types:

  • feriae stativae, which were held on a fixed date, held annually;
  • feriae conceptivae, which were held on a date determined by various officials, also held annually; and
  • feriae imperativae, which were decreed by the Senate or various other bodies of the State, and held at the decreed date.

Most feriae were also included in the various Fasti, which have been found in homes, inside and outside temples, and in other places in public view.


Feriae Stativae

The following Feriae Stativae are found in the Fasti:

Mensis Martius (March)

Feriae (Deities honoured) Date(s) Source(s)
Feriae Marti (Mars) 1 March - 24 March Fowler (35-43)
Equirria (Mars) 14 March Fowler (44-50)
Feriae Annae Perennae (Anna Perenna) 15 March Fowler (50-54)
Liberalia (Liber)/Agonia (Ianus) 17 March Fowler (54-57)
Quinquatrus (Mars)/(Minerva) 19 March Fowler (57-62)
Tubilustrium 23 March Fowler (62-65)
Q[uando] R[ex] C[omitavit] F[as] 24 March Fowler (62-65)

Mensis Aprilis (April)

Veneralia (Venus) 1 April Fowler (67-69)
Ludi Magnae Matri Deum (Magna Mater) 4-10 April Fowler (69-71)
Fordicidia 15 April Fowler (71-72)
Cerialia (Ceres) 19 April Fowler (72-79)
Parilia 21 April Fowler (79-85)
Vinalia 23 April Fowler (85-88)
Robigalia (Robigus) 25 April Fowler (88-91)
Ludi Florae (Flora) 28 April - 3 May Fowler (91-95)

Mensis Maius (May)

Laribus (Lares) 1 May Fowler (100-106)
Lemuria 9 May Fowler (106-111)
Agonia (Ianus, Tiberinus) 21 May Fowler (121-122)
Tubilustrium (Vulcanus) 23 May Fowler (123-124)

Mensis Iunius (June)

Vestalia (Vesta) 9 June Fowler (145-154)
Matralia (Magna Mater) 11 June Fowler (154-157)

Mensis Quinctilis (July)

Poplifugium 5 July Fowler (174-179)
Ludi Apollinares (Apollo) 6-13 July Fowler (179-182)
Lucaria 19 and 21 July Fowler (182-185)
Neptunalia (Neptunus) 23 July Fowler (185-187)
Furrinalia (Furrina) 25 July Fowler (187-188)

Mensis Sextilis (August)

Portunalia (Portunus) 17 August Fowler (202-204)
Vinalia 19 August Fowler (204-206)
Consualia (Consus) 21 August Fowler (206-209)
Volcanalia (Vulcanus) 23 August Fowler (209-211)
Mundus Patet 24 August Fowler (211-212)
Opiconsivia (Ops) 25 August Fowler (212-214)
Volturnalia (Volturnus) 27 August Fowler (214)

Mensis September

Ludi Romani 5-19 September Fowler (?)
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