Caeso Fabius Buteo Modianus (Nova Roma)
K. Buteo Modianus is the first rex sacrorum of the Nova Roman Republic. He also serves the commonwealth as pontifex, augur, and flamen Pomonalis. He is the adopted son of K. Buteo Quintilianus, the former princeps senatus.
Originally C. Cassius Athanasius, K. Buteo became a citizen of Nova Roma a.d. VII Kal. Iun. ‡M. Octavio L. Sulla (II) cos. ‡ MMDCCLV a.u.c.. He joined because of his interest in the Roman religion. He selected the gens Cassia because M. Cassius Iulianus was a founder of Nova Roma, and the pontifex maximus and he thought he could learn from M. Cassius. When Athanasius realized that M. Cassius had very little to offer, he left the patrician order and gens Cassia and with the permission of censor L. Equitius Cincinnatus he created the plebeian gens Modia and became C. Modius Athanasius. It was as the name C. Modius Athanasius that he became well known. He had become flamen Pomonalis towards the end of the year M. Octavio L. Sulla (II) cos. ‡ MMDCCLV a.u.c. and he had his name change right before the announcement of my appointment as flamen.
M. Octavio L. Sulla (II) cos. ‡ MMDCCLV a.u.c. he ran for tribune but was not elected. He ran again K. Fabio T. Labieno cos. ‡ MMDCCLVI a.u.c. and was elected and ran for consul in Cn. Salvio Cn. Equitio cos. ‡ MMDCCLVII a.u.c. but was not elected. He took the year Fr. Apulo C. Laenate cos. ‡ MMDCCLVIII a.u.c. off from most political activity in Nova Roma, and by this time he was both a pontifex and an augur.
From the year Fr. Apulo C. Laenate cos. ‡ MMDCCLVIII a.u.c. he had the desire to become rex sacrorum. His former wife, C. Octavia Oceana, had joined Nova Roma and was one of the last citizens to become a patrician upon joining. Being a plebeian he needed to become a patrician. It wasn't likely that he could get gens Modia. Therefore he contacted K. Fabius Buteo Quintilianus and asked Buteo to adopt him into his familia. Modianus says in his blog "I could think of no other citizen in Nova Roma I would want to adopt me."
K. Buteo Quintilianus and C. Modius Athanasius have had an interesting history. When Athanasius was tribune he vetoed one of Quintilianus' edicts. They disagreed with each other from time to time. However, they always could maintain a respectful relationship agreeing to disagree. Since C. Modius Athanasius' biological father passed away in 2004, the idea of a "Roman adoption" seemed like an honorable thing for him to do. Therefore, Fr. Apulo C. Laenate cos. ‡ MMDCCLVIII a.u.c., when K. Fabius Buteo Quintilianus adopted C. Modius Athanasius, he became C. Fabius Buteo Modianus. They had talked about his praenomen being Caeso, Numerius, or Lucius. Modianus wanted Numerius but according to the laws one had to retain his original praenomen or to take his adoptive fathers'. Thus he remained Gaius for the time being.
More than a year later, he contacted his adoptive father, and he agreed to his request to share his praenomen, which solution is finally in line with the mos maiorum and Roman tradition.
In M. Curiatio M. Iulio cos. ‡ MMDCCLXII a.u.c., he was first honored by the Senate who appointed him, on a.d. VIII Kal. Feb. ‡ M. Curiatio M. Iulio cos. ‡ MMDCCLXII a.u.c., editor commentariorum, "urging him to resume the edition of Aquila". In the next Spring, he was elected censor suffectus (a.d. XV Kal. Quin. ‡) after the resignation of censor C. Laenas. The tribunician intercessio by Fl. Galerius Aurelianus contested this election, but the consuls then considered that the veto was not valid for having exceeded the constitutional powers recognized to the Tribunes of the Plebs. A public controversy arose in the following weeks, on this matter.
Though his family relations with then Consul K. Fabius Buteo Quintilianus could have brought him to join the most decided supporters of the factio which, around his adoptive father and M. Moravius Piscinus, then pontifex maximus, tried to install a dictatorship in the second half of July P. Memmio K. Buteone (II) cos. ‡ MMDCCLXIII a.u.c., Modianus made, specially in Fall P. Memmio K. Buteone (II) cos. ‡ MMDCCLXIII a.u.c., the choice of moderation and promoted a consensual setting of the crisis open with the failure of this attempt. He held a decisive moderating role inside the collegium pontificum, and was one of the main actors of the reconstruction of the religious institutions after the removal of former P.M. Moravius. On Kal. Dec. ‡P. Memmio K. Buteone (II) cos. ‡ MMDCCLXIII a.u.c., he was, on the initiative of new P.M. Iulius Sabinus and with the support of Consul Memmius and of the new senatorial majority, appointed as the first rex sacrorum of Nova Roma by the Collegium Pontificum. While his adoptive father left Nova Roma the day before, K. Fabius Buteo Modianus entered in his religious dignity on Kal. Ian. ‡P. Ullerio C. Equitio cos. ‡ MMDCCLXIV a.u.c..
- M. Moravio T. Iulio cos. ‡ MMDCCLXI a.u.c.
- L. Arminio Ti. Galerio cos. ‡ MMDCCLX a.u.c.
- C. Buteone Po. Minucia cos. ‡ MMDCCLIX a.u.c.
- Fr. Apulo C. Laenate cos. ‡ MMDCCLVIII a.u.c.
- Cn. Salvio Cn. Equitio cos. ‡ MMDCCLVII a.u.c.
- K. Fabio T. Labieno cos. ‡ MMDCCLVI a.u.c.
This article is written as based mostly on K. Buteo Modianus' own blog: http://caesobuteo.blogspot.com/