Lex Vedia apparitoria (Nova Roma)

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Contents

This lex is currently IN FORCE.

Enacted by Dictator Vedius
a.d. III Kal. Sex. L. Equitio Dec. Iunio cos. MMDCCLII a.u.c.
Approved by SC (7 vs 1) prid. Id. Sex. L. Equitio Dec. Iunio cos. MMDCCLII a.u.c.


Lex Vedia apparitoria has put the bases of two categories of apparitors: the lictors, who are ceremonial ones, and the other ones whose missions are administrative ones. This last category contains the scribes and the consular assistants (accensi). Lex Arminia de ministris tribunorum has completed this building by the introduction of a special sub-class of scribes, the viatores, who are assigned to the only tribunes of the plebs.


In accordance with paragraph IV.A.8. of the Constitution of Nova Roma, the Lex Vedia Apparitoria is hereby enacted to create the following decuriae of apparitores and delineate their functions.

I. Decuria Lictoria

The decuria lictoria shall consist of lictores (lictors), who shall undertake those ceremonial functions as shall be assigned to them by the Senate, including, but not limited to, preceding those magistrates with Imperium at public functions and accompanying traveling Senators. Members of the decuria lictoria shall be appointed by magistrates holding Imperium.

II. Decuria Lictoria Curiata

The decuria lictoria curiata shall consist of the thirty lictores curiati (lictors of the comitia curiata) who shall make up the comitia curiata, and who shall undertake those ceremonial functions as shall be assigned to them by the collegium pontificum. Members of the decuria lictoria curiata shall be appointed by the collegium pontificum.

III. Decuria Scribarum

The decuria scribarum shall consist of scribae (clerks), who shall undertake those administrative and other functions as shall be assigned to them by the magistrate or provincial governor they are assisting. Members of the decuria scribarum shall be appointed by those magistrates with the Constitutional authority to appoint scribae.

IV. Decuria Accensorum

The decuria accensorum shall consist of accensi (personal assistants), who shall undertake those administrative and other functions as shall be assigned to them by the consul whom they assist. Members of the decuria accensorum shall be appointed by the consuls.

V. Viatores tribunorum

(introduced by lex Arminia de ministris tribunorum [1])

V.1. All apparitores nominated by a tribunus plebis for his assistance shall therefore be called "viatores."
V.2. A viator shall be nominated by an edictum, and must be a plebeian citizen.
V.3. The viator is only an apparitor [assistant], and does not share any of the special powers of a tribune, as specified in other legislation, nor may the tribune delegate these powers to these assistants. However, the viator may be delegated to execute the orders of a tribune within his tribunicia potestas.




[1] Lex Arminia de ministris tribunorum (currently in force) full text:

Approved by Comitia Plebis Tributa
Yes: 20 No: 5 Abs.: 10
prid. Kal. Quin. Cn. Salice Cn. Equitio cos. MMDCCLVII a.u.c.


"This law is intended to bring the concept of assistants for the tribunes closer to the ancient custom.

1. All apparitores nominated by a tribunus plebis for his assistance shall therefore be called "viatores."
2. A viator shall be nominated by an edictum, and must be a plebeian citizen.
3. The viator is only an apparitor [assistant], and does not share any of the special powers of a tribune, as specified in other legislation, nor may the tribune delegate these powers to these assistants. However, the viator may be delegated to execute the orders of a tribune within his tribunicia potestas."

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