Lex Vedia de assiduis et capite censis (Nova Roma)

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<small>'''Lex Vedia de assiduis et capite censis''' defines the two major categories of citizens: the ones who pay their annual tax to Nova Roma budget (even the law below does not set the principle of the annuality), and the others. The first ones are called '''assidui''' (sing. ''assiduus'', fem. ''assidua''), and the second ones '''capite censi''' (sing. ''capite census'', fem. ''capite censa''). This last expression meaning "recorded as a head (body, person)", the word ''capite'' does not vary, for it means "''as a head''".
 
<small>'''Lex Vedia de assiduis et capite censis''' defines the two major categories of citizens: the ones who pay their annual tax to Nova Roma budget (even the law below does not set the principle of the annuality), and the others. The first ones are called '''assidui''' (sing. ''assiduus'', fem. ''assidua''), and the second ones '''capite censi''' (sing. ''capite census'', fem. ''capite censa''). This last expression meaning "recorded as a head (body, person)", the word ''capite'' does not vary, for it means "''as a head''".
  
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IV. (<small>added by '''''lex Apula de assiduis et capite censis Dec. 09, 2758, appr. by SC Dec. 31, 2758''''' :</small>) Senatores and ordinarii sitting magistrates, who become Capite censi due to non-payment of taxes may be removed from office by the Censors.  
 
IV. (<small>added by '''''lex Apula de assiduis et capite censis Dec. 09, 2758, appr. by SC Dec. 31, 2758''''' :</small>) Senatores and ordinarii sitting magistrates, who become Capite censi due to non-payment of taxes may be removed from office by the Censors.  
 
Members of the Collegium Pontificum, priests and sacerdotes who become Capite censi due to non-payment of taxes may be removed from office by the Pontifex Maximus.  
 
Members of the Collegium Pontificum, priests and sacerdotes who become Capite censi due to non-payment of taxes may be removed from office by the Pontifex Maximus.  
 
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Latest revision as of 05:31, 12 October 2020

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This lex is currently IN FORCE.

Approved by Comitia populi tributa
Yes: 21 No: 14 Abs.: 0
a.d. XIII Kal. Iun. Fl. Vedio (II) M. Cassio (II) cos. MMDCCLIV a.u.c.


modified by Lex Apula (ibidem) :
Approved by Comitia centuriata
Yes: 26 No: 21 Abs.: 4
prid. Kal. Ian. Fr. Apulo C. Laenate cos. MMDCCLVIII a.u.c.






Lex Vedia de assiduis et capite censis defines the two major categories of citizens: the ones who pay their annual tax to Nova Roma budget (even the law below does not set the principle of the annuality), and the others. The first ones are called assidui (sing. assiduus, fem. assidua), and the second ones capite censi (sing. capite census, fem. capite censa). This last expression meaning "recorded as a head (body, person)", the word capite does not vary, for it means "as a head".

The first modification of lex Vedia has been brought by a lex Cornelia which has specified how a cives could have her/his status change from capite census/-a to assiduus/-a.

The second train of modifications has been brought by lex Apula, which has first put in the field of the "legislation" what was before in the Senate's competency: the amount and the proceedings to pay the taxes. Second, lex Apula has authorized the possible removal from office and seat of senators and ordinarii, on one hand, and on the other of "members of the Collegium Pontificum, priests and sacerdotes", who would, having not paid their tax(-es), would become de facto capite censi. The difference between both sub-categories concerns the authority who may takes the removal decision: one of both censors for the first one, the pontifex maximus for the second one.

The last modification of lex Vedia has been brought indirectly via an amendment to lex Apula: Vedia-Cornelia-Apula de assiduis etc. has been added in May 2762 auc a new § II.B, which grants the status of assiduae to every Vestal virgins and exempts them from tax paying.


I. Lex Vedia modified by Apula de assiduis et capite censis is hereby enacted to define the classifications of taxpayers and non-taxpayers, and put in place special conditions on those who are unable or unwilling to support the financial welfare of the Republic through payment of those taxes which may be enacted by the Senate.

II.

A. Citizens who pay taxes in such amount and in such manner as may be defined by the current legislation [(in italics: mod. by lex Apula de assiduis et capite censis Dec. 09, 2758, appr. by SC Dec. 31, 2758. The Vedia text said "by the Senate")] shall be considered assidui. No special conditions shall be placed on assidui in regards to their placement in centuries and tribes or their ability to run for or hold office.

B. [paragraph added by Curiatia Iulia de tributo virginum vestalium May xx, 2762, appr. by SC Jul. 18, 2762.:] Those appointed as Vestal virgins by the Collegium Pontificum shall be exempt from paying the annual tax and shall retain their status as assidui so long as they remain Vestal virgins. No special conditions shall be placed on Vestal virgins with regard to their placement in centuries and tribes or upon their ability to run for or hold office."


III. Citizens who do not pay taxes in such amount and in such manner as may be defined by the Senate shall be considered capite censi. The following special conditions shall apply to capite censi:

  • A. The Censors shall place all Capite censi in the last century in Class V as defined by lex Vedia centuriata and those leges which may amend it, and no other Citizens shall be enrolled therein.
  • B. The Censors shall place all Capite censi in the urban tribes as defined by lex Vedia tributaria and those leges which may amend it.
  • C. No Capite census may run for or hold office as one of the ordinarii (including the apparitores), nor be appointed to or hold office as provincial governor nor be titled as senator or member of the Collegium Pontificium or priest or sacerdos [(in italics: added by lex Apula de assiduis et capite censis Dec. 09, 2758, appr. by SC Dec. 31, 2758)]. Capite censi may hold provincial or local offices at the discretion of the governor of the province in question.
  • D. (added by lex Cornelia Octavia de assiduis et capite censis Dec. 10, 2755, appr. by SC Dec. 24, 2755 :)
    • 1. All persons obtaining citizenship after this lex takes effect will have Capite census status until and unless payment is made.
    • 2. Any Capite census may become assiduus by paying the appropriate amount, as defined by senatus consultum. If payment is made during a contio or election, the change in status will take place after the election concludes.
    • 3. Upon receipt of tax payment in full, the applicant is considered to assume the rights and privileges of assiduus as defined by lex Vedia de assiduis et capite censis and the applicant will be allocated to a rural tribe and appropriate century allocation.

IV. (added by lex Apula de assiduis et capite censis Dec. 09, 2758, appr. by SC Dec. 31, 2758 :) Senatores and ordinarii sitting magistrates, who become Capite censi due to non-payment of taxes may be removed from office by the Censors. Members of the Collegium Pontificum, priests and sacerdotes who become Capite censi due to non-payment of taxes may be removed from office by the Pontifex Maximus.


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