Flamen (Nova Roma)

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{{LanguageBar|Flamen (Nova Roma)}}{{Priesthood articles}}
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<onlyinclude>The [[Flamen (Nova Roma)|''flamines'']] are thirteen high priests who serve specific deities - though they are allowed to worship other deities as well. The sources tell us that a '''''flamen''''' was a ''sacerdos'' proper, and who was dedicated to the service of a particular deity.  A number of sources fix the number of ''flamines'' at fifteen (three ''maiores'' and twelve ''minores''), however the names of only thirteen of these are known with certainty. The ''flamines'' hold public rites on the days sacred to their deity, and oversee the general worship of that deity. The ''flamines'' are present in the [[Collegium Pontificum (Nova Roma)|Collegium Pontificum]].
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<br style="clear:both"/>
  
==The Flamen==
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===Flamines Maiores===
  
The sources tell us that the flamen (pl., ''flamines'') was a ''sacerdos'' proper, and who was dedicated to the service of a particular deity.  A number of sources fix the number of flamines at fifteen (three ''maiores'' and twelve ''minores''), however the names of only twelve of these are known with certainty.
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====Flamen Dialis====
  
==Album Flaminum==
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Position not open at this time. The [[Flamen Dialis]] serves the cult of [[Iuppiter|Jupiter]], and participates in the Vinalia festivals and at ''conferratio'' marriage ceremonies. This priesthood is subject to a large number of complex taboos which have not yet been resolved for reconstruction. The wife of the Flamen Dialis was known as the Flaminica Dialis, and assisted in the rites and was subject to the same taboos.
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{{PositionNotOpen}}
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====Flamen Martialis====
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The Flamen Martialis oversees the cult of [[Mars]], the God of War, leading public rites on the days sacred to Mars. {{PositionOpen}}
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====Flamen Quirinalis====
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The Flamen Quirinalis oversees the cult of [[Quirinus]], a god related to the peaceful aspect of Mars, who presides over organized Roman social life. The Flamen Quirinalis leads public rites on the days sacred to Quirinus. {{PositionOpen}}
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===Flamines Minores===
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====Flamen Carmentalis====
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The Flamen Carmentalis oversees the cult of [[Carmenta]] (Carmentis), a goddess of Prophecy and Oracles. The Flamen Carmentalis leads public rites on the days sacred to Carmenta.
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{{CitizenBox | n=Marca Hortensia Maior |text=Flamen Portunalis|float=left}}
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<br clear="all"/>
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====Flamen Cerealis====
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The Flamen Cerealis oversees the cult of [[Ceres]], Goddess of grains (identified with the Greek Demeter). The Flamen Cerealis leads public rites on the days sacred to Ceres.
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{{PositionOpen}}
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<br clear="all"/>
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====Flamen Falacer====
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The Flamen Falacer oversees the cult of the God [[Falacer]].
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{{PositionOpen}}
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<br clear="all"/>
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====Flamen Florealis====
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The Flamen Florealis oversees the cult of [[Flora]], the Goddess of flowers, and Spring (and therefore new beginnings). The Flamen Florealis leads public rites on the days sacred to Flora.
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{{CitizenBox | n=Marcus Aurelius Cotta Iovius |text=Flamen Portunalis|float=left}}
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<br clear="all"/>
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====Flamen Furrinalis====
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The Flamen Furrinalis oversees the cult of [[Furrina]], a Goddess of Springs who had a sacred grove associated with water (possibly connected with health and healing). The Flamen Furrinalis leads public rites on the days sacred to Furrina.
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{{CitizenBox | n=Manius Titinius Silvanus | text=Flamen Furrinalis |float=left}}
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<br clear="all"/>
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====Flamen Palatualis====
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The Flamen Palatualis oversees the cult of [[Palatua]], the guardian of the Palatine Hill (the oldest settled part of Rome, therefore making Palatua possibly a goddess of Rome's beginnings.) The Flamen Palatualis leads public rites on the days sacred to Palatua.
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{{PositionOpen}}
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<br clear="all"/>
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====Flamen Pomonalis====
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The Flamen Pomonalis oversees the cult of [[Pomona]], Goddess of fruit. The Flamen Pomonalis leads public rites on days sacred to Pomona (there was no major single festival day).
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{{PositionOpen}}
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<br clear="all"/>
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====Flamen Portunalis====
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The Flamen Portunalis oversees the cult of [[Portunus]], God of Harbors and doors. The Flamen Portunalis leads public rites sacred to Portunus.
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{{CitizenBox | n=Gaius Petronius Dexter |text=Flamen Portunalis|float=left}}
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<br clear="all"/>
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====Flamen Volcanalis====
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The Flamen Volcanalis oversees the cult of [[Volcanus]] (Vulcan), God of Fire and smithcraft. The Flamen Volcanalis leads public rites sacred to Volcanus.
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{{PositionOpen}}
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<br clear="all"/>
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====Flamen Volturnalis====
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The Flamen Volturnalis oversees the cult of [[Volturnus]], a River God sometimes also associated with the Southeast wind. (Both these aspects may be related to travel and trade.) The Flamen Volturnalis leads public rites sacred to Volturnus.
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{{PositionOpen}}
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<br clear="all"/>
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</onlyinclude>
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<!--
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=Album Flaminum=
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On this page are listed both the current '''flamines''', as well as all the previous ''flamines'', together with their dates of service, as best known. 
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==Current Flamines==
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==All Flamines==
  
 
Listed here are all the flaminates of Nova Roma, together with a listing of the office holders and their terms of service.
 
Listed here are all the flaminates of Nova Roma, together with a listing of the office holders and their terms of service.
  
===Flamines Maiores===
 
  
====Flamen Dialis====
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===Flamen Dialis===
  
 
('''not yet held''')
 
('''not yet held''')
  
====Flamen Martialis====
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===Flamen Martialis===
  
 
*[[Lucius Equitius Cincinnatus Augur (Nova Roma)|Lucius Equitius Cincinnatus Augur]]
 
*[[Lucius Equitius Cincinnatus Augur (Nova Roma)|Lucius Equitius Cincinnatus Augur]]
 
:from pr. Non. Quint. {{1999}}
 
:from pr. Non. Quint. {{1999}}
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:to {{Feb 20}} {{2008}}
  
====Flamen Quirinalis====
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===Flamen Quirinalis===
  
 
*Marcus Cornelius Scriptor
 
*Marcus Cornelius Scriptor
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*[[Gaius Iulius Scaurus (Nova Roma)|Gaius Iulius Scaurus]]
 
*[[Gaius Iulius Scaurus (Nova Roma)|Gaius Iulius Scaurus]]
 
:from {{2003}}
 
:from {{2003}}
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:to {{2007}}
  
===Flamines Minores===
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===Flamen Carmentalis===
  
====Flamen Carmentalis====
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*[[Marca Hortensia Maior (NOva Roma)|Marca Hortensia Maior]]
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:from {{Oct 1}} {{2008}}
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:to {{Aug 12}} {{2010}}
  
====Flamen Cerealis====
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===Flamen Cerealis===
  
 
*[[Marcus Moravius Piscinus Horatianus (Nova Roma)|Gnaeus Moravius Piscinus]]
 
*[[Marcus Moravius Piscinus Horatianus (Nova Roma)|Gnaeus Moravius Piscinus]]
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*[[Flavius Galerius Aurelianus (Nova Roma)|Flavius Galerius Aurelianus]]
 
*[[Flavius Galerius Aurelianus (Nova Roma)|Flavius Galerius Aurelianus]]
 
:from pr. Non. Sex. {{2004}}
 
:from pr. Non. Sex. {{2004}}
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:to {{Jun 17}} {{2009}}
  
====Flamen Falacer====
 
  
====Flamen Florealis====
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===Flamen Falacer===
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===Flamen Florealis===
  
 
*Nicolaus Moravius Vado
 
*Nicolaus Moravius Vado
 
:from a.d. XII Kal. Iun. {{2000}}
 
:from a.d. XII Kal. Iun. {{2000}}
  
====Flamen Furrinalis====
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===Flamen Furrinalis===
  
 
*[[Caius Iulius Barcinus Ciconius (Nova Roma)|Caius Iulius Barcinus Ciconius]]
 
*[[Caius Iulius Barcinus Ciconius (Nova Roma)|Caius Iulius Barcinus Ciconius]]
 
:from {{2006}} to {{2007}}
 
:from {{2006}} to {{2007}}
  
====Flamen Palatualis====
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===Flamen Palatualis===
  
====Flamen Pomonalis====
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===Flamen Pomonalis===
  
 
*[[Gaius Fabius Buteo Modianus (Nova Roma)|Gaius Fabius Buteo Modianus]]
 
*[[Gaius Fabius Buteo Modianus (Nova Roma)|Gaius Fabius Buteo Modianus]]
 
:from {{Oct 11}} {{2002}}
 
:from {{Oct 11}} {{2002}}
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:to {{Feb 24}} {{2011}}
  
====Flamen Portunalis====
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===Flamen Portunalis===
  
 
*Marcus Arcadius Pius
 
*Marcus Arcadius Pius
 
:from a.d. IV Kal. Feb. {{2001}}
 
:from a.d. IV Kal. Feb. {{2001}}
  
====Flamen Volcanalis====
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===Flamen Volcanalis===
  
 
*Marcus Equitius Paternus
 
*Marcus Equitius Paternus
 
:from a.d. III Id. Mai. {{2002}}
 
:from a.d. III Id. Mai. {{2002}}
  
====Flamen Volturnalis====
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===Flamen Volturnalis===
 
*[[Gaius Ambrosius Artorus Iustinus (Nova Roma)|Gaius Ambrosius Artorus Iustinus]]
 
*[[Gaius Ambrosius Artorus Iustinus (Nova Roma)|Gaius Ambrosius Artorus Iustinus]]
 
:from a.d. XII Kal. Feb. {{2004}}
 
:from a.d. XII Kal. Feb. {{2004}}
 
:to a.d. XVII Kal. Mai. {{2008}}
 
:to a.d. XVII Kal. Mai. {{2008}}
  
==Vide==
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-->
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==See also==
  
 
;The Flamen : (J. Vanggaard / 1988 / ISBN 8772890592) Gathers together all the known evidence on the Roman flamines.
 
;The Flamen : (J. Vanggaard / 1988 / ISBN 8772890592) Gathers together all the known evidence on the Roman flamines.
  
[[Category:Religio Romana (Nova Roma)]]
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[[Category:Priests and priesthoods (Nova Roma)]]

Latest revision as of 15:06, 30 August 2019

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Priesthoods


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Roman Religion Overview

Contents

The flamines are thirteen high priests who serve specific deities - though they are allowed to worship other deities as well. The sources tell us that a flamen was a sacerdos proper, and who was dedicated to the service of a particular deity. A number of sources fix the number of flamines at fifteen (three maiores and twelve minores), however the names of only thirteen of these are known with certainty. The flamines hold public rites on the days sacred to their deity, and oversee the general worship of that deity. The flamines are present in the Collegium Pontificum.

Flamines Maiores

Flamen Dialis

Position not open at this time. The Flamen Dialis serves the cult of Jupiter, and participates in the Vinalia festivals and at conferratio marriage ceremonies. This priesthood is subject to a large number of complex taboos which have not yet been resolved for reconstruction. The wife of the Flamen Dialis was known as the Flaminica Dialis, and assisted in the rites and was subject to the same taboos.

POSITION NOT OPEN


Flamen Martialis

The Flamen Martialis oversees the cult of Mars, the God of War, leading public rites on the days sacred to Mars.

POSITION OPEN

Flamen Quirinalis

The Flamen Quirinalis oversees the cult of Quirinus, a god related to the peaceful aspect of Mars, who presides over organized Roman social life. The Flamen Quirinalis leads public rites on the days sacred to Quirinus.

POSITION OPEN


Flamines Minores

Flamen Carmentalis

The Flamen Carmentalis oversees the cult of Carmenta (Carmentis), a goddess of Prophecy and Oracles. The Flamen Carmentalis leads public rites on the days sacred to Carmenta.

Unknown Citizen.jpg Marca Hortensia Maior

Flamen Portunalis


Flamen Cerealis

The Flamen Cerealis oversees the cult of Ceres, Goddess of grains (identified with the Greek Demeter). The Flamen Cerealis leads public rites on the days sacred to Ceres.

POSITION OPEN


Flamen Falacer

The Flamen Falacer oversees the cult of the God Falacer.

POSITION OPEN


Flamen Florealis

The Flamen Florealis oversees the cult of Flora, the Goddess of flowers, and Spring (and therefore new beginnings). The Flamen Florealis leads public rites on the days sacred to Flora.

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Marcus Aurelius Cotta Iovius

Flamen Portunalis


Flamen Furrinalis

The Flamen Furrinalis oversees the cult of Furrina, a Goddess of Springs who had a sacred grove associated with water (possibly connected with health and healing). The Flamen Furrinalis leads public rites on the days sacred to Furrina.

Unknown Citizen.jpg Manius Titinius Silvanus

Flamen Furrinalis


Flamen Palatualis

The Flamen Palatualis oversees the cult of Palatua, the guardian of the Palatine Hill (the oldest settled part of Rome, therefore making Palatua possibly a goddess of Rome's beginnings.) The Flamen Palatualis leads public rites on the days sacred to Palatua.

POSITION OPEN


Flamen Pomonalis

The Flamen Pomonalis oversees the cult of Pomona, Goddess of fruit. The Flamen Pomonalis leads public rites on days sacred to Pomona (there was no major single festival day).

POSITION OPEN


Flamen Portunalis

The Flamen Portunalis oversees the cult of Portunus, God of Harbors and doors. The Flamen Portunalis leads public rites sacred to Portunus.

CIV-Gaius Petronius Dexter.jpg Gaius Petronius Dexter

Flamen Portunalis


Flamen Volcanalis

The Flamen Volcanalis oversees the cult of Volcanus (Vulcan), God of Fire and smithcraft. The Flamen Volcanalis leads public rites sacred to Volcanus.

POSITION OPEN


Flamen Volturnalis

The Flamen Volturnalis oversees the cult of Volturnus, a River God sometimes also associated with the Southeast wind. (Both these aspects may be related to travel and trade.) The Flamen Volturnalis leads public rites sacred to Volturnus.

POSITION OPEN




See also

The Flamen 
(J. Vanggaard / 1988 / ISBN 8772890592) Gathers together all the known evidence on the Roman flamines.
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