EDICTUM AEDILICVM XIII
LAW ENFORCEMENT & PROSECUTION
In accordance with the Constitution of NovaRoma, section IV.A.4.b,
the Curule Aediles have the obligation to ensure order at public
religious events and to administer the law, along with other duties.
This edictum sets forth the manner and methods by which the Curule
Aediles shall carry out their law enforcement and prosecutorial
duties. These manners and methods will serve for current
requirements and such other administrative and enforcement duties as
may be assigned to the Curule Aediles in the future.
Since the establishment of the office of Curule Aedile in
antiquity, the Curule Aediles have from time to time been required to
enforce the laws within their respective areas of authority.
Historically such enforcement included direct imposition of
nonjudicial penalties and prosecutions before the Comitia Populi
Tributa. This edictum establishes the continuation of these practices
from antiquity as appropriate in the Republic of Nova Roma.
The Curule Aediles, by virtue of the potestas invested in the
office, may act to investigate and punish violations of the laws they
are charged to administer. They may also prosecute serious violations
before a jury in the Comitia Populi Tributa, or before higher
magistrates acting as judges.
Every Nova Roman citizen has the right to a trial by a jury of
his peers. Therefore, any citizen may refuse nonjudicial penalties
imposed by a Curule Aedile and instead insist on a trial before the
Comitia Populi Tributa. In such cases, the investigating Curule
Aedile or a designated representative will prosecute the case before
a jury of citizens, the majority of whom are of the same order -
patrician or plebian - as the accused. Such prosecutions shall occur
in the Comitia Populi Tributa.
In the case of serious offenses which, in the Curule Aedile's
judgement, fall outside the range of minor offenses for which
nonjudicial penalties would be appropriate and sufficient, the Curule
Aedile will remand the case to the Praetors for their disposition.
Any case which becomes a matter for macro-national authorities must
be remanded to the Praetors.
The following measures may be imposed against citizens of Nova Roma
by the Curule Aediles for offenses against the laws, subject to the
provisions listed above which guarantee all citizens the choice of
trial before the Comitia Populi Tributa in lieu of Curule Aedelian
imposed nonjudicial penalties:
official recommendation to a list moderator that an offender be
removed from the concerned list for a specified period of time or
official demand for apologies that must be publicly made in the
same forum where the offense was made, with a copy sent to the Curule
Aediles, and another to all other parties involved.
official request to the Censores for the issuance of a nota
against the offender.
imposition of a fine of not more than $50 US, to be paid in the
same way as taxes within a time specified by the Curule Aedile
imposing the fine.
all these measures may be combined as the Curule Aediles see
no corporal punishments of any sort, including flogging, beating
with rods from the Lictor's bundle of fasces, or any other sort of
violent physical contact, may be imposed.
VI. This edictum becomes effective immediately.
Given on the third of June, in the year of the consulship of Marcus Octavius Germanicus and Lucius Cornelius Sulla
Felix, 2755 AUC.
Caeso Fabius Quintilianus
Senior Curule Aedile
-- Vale Caeso Fabius
Quintilianus Senator et Senior Curule Aedile Propraetor of Thule
AUCTOR LEGIONIS, Legio VII "Res Publica"
03 June 2755