Ludi Novi Romani/MMDCCLXIII

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The Ludi Novi Romani are the games celebrating the founding of Nova Roma, 12 years ago.

Concordialia ritual this year

Pontifex Cn. Cornelius Lentulus and Livia Plauta have performed the Concordialia ritual today at Livia's home, and you are invited to see the pictures made about the official 12th birthday ceremony of our republic.


Opening of the Ludi Novi Romani

Ædilis Curulis P. Annæus Constantinus Placidus omnibus civibus, peregrinisque bonæ voluntatis salutem plurimam dicit.'

Salvete omnes!

If you are reading these few lines right now, you are probably aware that this is a historical date for this (as yet) small, but thriving community called Nova Roma. Indeed, around these times,12 years ago - way back in 1998! - a little group of like-minded people decided to found a Roman revivalist group which would be dedicated to something else than pure entertainment, or hobbies, or other mundane activities. What they had in mind was a return to a set of values and morals which seems long lost in today's frantic, always-in-a- hurry times. Of course they looked for those values in a past time, and of all the possible past times that humanity has lived through, their choice fell on a really golden period of our shared history: the Republican age of Ancient Rome. And so, with just a little help from modern technology, NOVA ROMA was born. According to the Constitution, written immediately after its founding, the aims of the organization are "the study and restoration of ancient Roman culture. Founded 2,750 years after the Eternal City itself, Nova Roma seeks to bring back those golden times but through the spread of knowledge and through our own virtuous example." This is what Nova Roma is, in a nutshell: a group of people united by a mutual affection, interest, love and respect for everything connected to the culture and the civilization of ancient Rome. It may be said, though, that sometimes not absolutely everything goes peacefully, quietly and smooth as silk within our community (as in every other group of people linked by common interests), and every now and then some discussions may come up because of the different ways in which a few members view things. Sometimes these debates may get somewhat heated, and sometimes they may even go as far as involving politics in the much bigger world outside us. However, starting from today, on the CONCORDIALIA, the 12th Anniversary of the Foundation Day of our Republic, this is hopefully not a time for heated debates. This is, I hope, not a time for letting politics and other such stuff divert our attention from what Nova Roma really is. Dedicated to Goddess Concordia, this* is a 12-days time to celebrate peace and goodwill: this is a time for agreeing with each other: this is a time for getting along with our fellow citizens: this is a time for being happy!* And what better way to do this than having a series of pleasant, challenging and, yes, even exciting Ludi where all of you citizens may join? So, without any further delay, let me give to all of you a warm and heartfelt WELCOME to this new edition of the LUDI NOVI ROMANI!

Hereby I do declare the Ludi Novi Romani for the 12th anniversary of Nova Roma OPEN!

Optime valete omnes!

P. Annæus Constantinus Placidus
Ædilis Curulis Novæ Romæ

PROGRAM of the Ludi Novi Romani

  • Concordialia ritual (Opening Ceremony): 1st March;
  • Ludi circenses (Virtual Chariot Race): Quarters: 3rd March, Semi-finals: 6th March, Finals: 12th March;
  • Certamen Historicum Novum Romanum (A Nova Roman History Quiz): 1st - 12th March;
  • Certamen Latinum (Latin Quiz): 1st - 12th March;
  • Ipse Dixit Quiz (Another Latin Quiz): 1st - 12th March;
  • Literary Contest: "Unity" - Composition on concord: 3rd - 10th March. Results announced: 12th March.
  • Nova Roman Parody Writing Contest (Another Literary Contest): 3rd - 10th March. Results announced: 12th March.
  • Visual Quiz - about the Videos of Nova Roma: 6th - 12th March
  • Closing Ceremony: 12th March.


Ludi circenses: Chariot race - FINAL results

The Final race of the Ludi Circenses, which took place on March 10th, was won by Incitatus, driven by Stolo and owned by C. Petronius Dexter of the VENETA team. Albatus ventus (aka 'White Wind'), driven by Hermanus and owned by C. Maria Cæca of ALBATA, came second. Luxogenes, driven by Eporicus, and Drunas, driven by Nervia, both owned by Consul P. Memmius Albucius of ALBATA, came third and fourth respectively. The full report of the race can be read here.
Consult here the final ranking of the 16 chariots.

Gaius Petronius Dexter is the winner of the Ludi Circenses. On behalf of the Ædilitas Curulis of Nova Roma, Publius Annæus Constantinus Placidus congratulates him for the great victory and thanks all of the original entrants to the race for having subscribed their chariots. He would also like to send warm, sincere and heartfelt thanks to Lucia Julia Aquila and Gaia Maria Cæca for writing their extremely, wonderfully detailed, and surely very entertaining reports of the six races during the week from March 1st to March 7th, and on March 10th.

Certamen Historicum

Welcome to the Certamen Historicum, History Quiz about the history of our Republic, Nova Roma. This quiz will help you to immerse in our community's history, and knowing each other better finally will lead us to accept each other better, in the spirit of unity for one goal, the restoration of the Roman republic.

Each day for the next twelve days one or two questions will be posted that relate to the history of Nova Roma, exactly to that year of Nova Roma which equals to the number of the day of the Ludi Novi Romani, and the day of March.

So at the first day of the Ludi Novi Romani, there will be two questions about the first year of Nova Roma.

Rules of the Certamen Historicum

1. Each correct answer is worth 1 point. An extra point may be awarded for an especially detailed and excellent answer. 2. Answers are to be sent to my e-mail address e-mail address within 24 hours after the posting of the questions.

3. My decision is final in interpreting what is and what isn't a correct answer.

Questions and Answers

Day 1 - Year 1 (March 1st)

Question #1. What was the address of the original mailing list of Nova Roma, settled in the First Year, 2750 AUC?

  • Answer #1.

Question #2. What was the exact date of the declaring of our (limited) sovereignty?

  • Answer #2. Feb. 28, 1998.

Day 2 - Year 2 (March 2nd)

Question #3. What was the most memorable event in 2752 AUC?

  • Answer #3. Vedius' dictatorship.

Question #4. Name 3 citizens who received Nova Roman citizenship in Year Two, and are still within the republic as citizens.

  • Answer #4.
Franciscus Apulus Caesar
Cyrene Lucretia Corva Apollinaris
Marcus Bianchius Antonius
Titinius Antonius
Marcus Iunius Iulianus
Tiberius Annaeus Otho

Day 3 - Year 3 (March 3rd)

Question #5. . Name 3 Nova Roman provinces established in the Third Year of Nova Roma, 2753 AUC / 2000 CE.

  • Answer #5.

Question #6. We had a female quaestor (quaestrix) in that year, serving in her third term in the same office. Who was she?

  • Answer #6. Patricia Cassia.

Day 4 - Year 4 (March 4th)

Question #7. In the 4th year of our republic (2754 AUC / 2001 CE), a prominent citizen who had the honour having the citizen ID # 1, renounced his citizenship. Who was he, by his full Roman name?

  • Answer #7. Gaius Aelius Ericius.

Question #8. The 4th year of our State saw the reconstruction of the Roman social system of distinguishing capite censi and assidui. Tell us the name of the law, and of the person who introduced it.

  • Answer #8. Lex Vedia de assiduis et capite censis. Flavius Vedius Germanicus.

Day 5 - Year 5 (March 5th)

Question #9. At the beginning of the 5th year of Nova Roma, (2755 AUC / 2002 CE), the honorific title "Pater Patriae" was introduced. To whom was it given, and by whom was it proposed?

  • Answer #9. It was given to F. Vedius Germanicus and M. Cassius Iulianus as our founders and was proposed by M. Octavius Germanicus.

Question #10. A significant part of that year was marked by a conflict arisen between the two consuls, originating from law proposal. Who were these consuls, and what was the conflict between them?

  • Answer #10. Consus: L. Cornelius and M. Octavius Germanicus - a proposed lex that would substantially modify the Censores' power to create Senators.

Day 6 - Year 6 (March 6th)

Question #11. In our 6th year was organized the second international conventus of Nova Roma. Where was it held, what was the official name of the event then? Please name 3 citizens who participated in the Conventus II.

  • Answer #11.
Second Nova Roma Rally
-Bologna, Italy,
-Marcus Iulius Perusianus
Aelius Solaris Marullinus
Lucius Iulius Sulla
Franciscus Apulus Caesar

Question #12. 2756 AUC was not only the second year of the international conventus, but the second year of the Magna Mater Project as well. The most important development, at that time, is that close collaboration was obtained with Professor Pensabene and his assistant, Doc. Alessandro D'Alessio. What was the original intention of the project, and what was the more realistic, official intention later, when the fundraising begun?

  • Answer #12. .

Day 7 - Year 7 (March 7th)

Question #13. Name 5 citizens who got their citizenship in the 7th year of our republic, 2757 AUC / 2004 CE.

  • Answer #13.
Gaius Galerius Laurentius
Gaius Maltinius Caesar
Gnaeus Iulius Caesar,
Publius Flavius Caesar
Aulus Iulius Caesar
Titus Iulius Sabinus
Marcus Lucretius Agricola
Marca Sempronia Iustina
Tiberia Sempronia Modesta
Gaia Sempronia Graccha Volentia

Question #14. One of the consuls of this year changed his name. Who was he and to what did he change his original name?

  • Answer #14. Cn. Salvius Astur was Cn. Salix Astur.

Day 8 - Year 8 (March 8th)

Question #15. In the Year 2758 AUC, we created our second Nova Roman sestertius. Who are those citizens whose names appear in this coin? Why them??

  • Answer #15. They were the Consul for that year, Franciscus Apulus Caesar Gaius Popillius Laenas.

Question #16. What was the number of assiduus citizens in this year?

  • Answer #16. 245.

Day 9 - Year 9 (March 9th)

Question #17. The year 2759 AUC / 2006 CE saw a big change in the IT infrastructure of the Republic. What was this change? How was it decided? And how was it implemented?

  • Answer #17. Media Wiki was installed on our website. By an edict by Consul Modianus. With WikiMagisters.

Question #18. We are in the year of the "Ap. Claudius Priscus Case". Can you explain to me what was this situation, and how was is solved?

  • Answer #18. He contacted the U.S, government claiming he was representing NR. Modianus tried to bring him to court in NR. Eventually, Priscus left NR.

Day 10 - Year 10 (March 10th)

Question #19. A dedicated, valuable citizen of Nova Roma, and a sitting magistrate died in the 10th year of the Republic, 2760 AUC / 2007 CE. Who was he? From which province? What office did he hold?

  • Answer #19.

Question #20. An attempt for a senatus consultum ultimum was initiated by one of the consuls that year. What was the purpose of this senatus consultum ultimum, what was the reason for such an intention, and who was the consul who tried to introduce it?

  • Answer #20.

Day 11 - Year 11 (March 11th)

Question #21. (...)

  • Answer #21.

Question #22. (...)

  • Answer #22.

Day 12 - Year 12 (March 12th)

Question #23. (...)

  • Answer #23.

Question #24. (...)

  • Answer #24.

Final Results

The scores and final positions are:

  • 1st Place:
  • 2nd Place:
  • 3rd Place:
  • 4th Place:
  • 5th Place:

Certamen Latinum

As part of our celebration of Nova Roma's 12th birthday, it only seems appropriate that we have a Latin quiz. Lingua Latina plays a vital role here, since it is our ceremonial language, but also because many of us are either learning, or intend to learn, it. While Latin may never become our primary language for day to day communication, on the day when I, a native speaker of English can ask another citizen, whose native language is different, to rephrase something I didn't quite understand in Latin, so that I can better understand what is being said, we will have broadened our ability to communicate, and, especially in an on line environment, clear communication serves to bring Concordia among us.

It is, therefore, my pleasure to present you with a quiz, constructed primarily for beginning Latin students, but with a few surprises thrown in for the more advanced (provided by one of our primary Latinists). Have fun!

Rules of the Certamen Latinum

1. I will post one question a day, participants must send their answers directly to me at <> within 24 hours of posting. Please do *not* post answers to the list! I will announce the correct answer to question 1 when I post question 2 the next day, and so on, and announce the winner at the end of the quiz.

2. Points: Questions 1, 2 and 3 will receive 1 point each. Questions 4, 5 and 6 will receive 2 points each. Questions 7, 8 and 9 will receive 3 points each. Questions 10 and 11 will receive 4 points each, and question 12 will receive 5 points (and yes, it will be more involved and difficult!) Now ...the questions do get progressively more tricky and difficult, so a good strategy is to "clean up" on the early questions, to build up some easy points!

"Ipse Dixit" Quiz (Edition III): Items, answers and final results

From March 1st to March 12th, a series of 12 quiz items based on Latin quotes (famous ones, not-so-famous ones and little-known ones) were posted on the main NR list. Each item included a Latin quote and 3 or 4 questions about it.

The scores were as follows:

  • 2 points for each correct answer;
  • 0 points for each wrong answer;
  • -1 (minus one) point for each absent (not given) answer.

Items and answers

Item 1 : Ab ovo

1. What is the literal English translation of this phrase?

From the egg.

2. Who wrote it?


3. What is the actual meaning of the phrase in its common usage?

From the start, from the beginning. Also used ironically in reference to someone who relates an event starting from too far back in time.

Item 2: Errare humanum est, perseverare autem diabolicum

1. What is the literal English translation of this phrase?

To err is human, but to persevere is diabolical.

2. Who wrote it?


3. What is the actual meaning of the phrase in its common usage?

Making mistakes is part of the human nature; repeating the same mistake can easily turn into evil.

Item 3: Nemo propheta in patria

1. What is the literal English translation of this phrase?

No-one (is) a prophet in his homeland.

2. What is the original source of the phrase? (Quote at least one specific source.)

It appears in all four Gospels, in the New Testament. Matthew (chapter 13) is the earliest.

3. What is the actual meaning of the phrase in its common usage?

No-one's merits are recognized or appreciated in their own homeland.

Item 4: Si vis pacem, para bellum

1. What is the literal English translation of this phrase?

If you want peace, prepare (for) war.

2. Who wrote it?

Vegetius Renatus.

3. What is the actual meaning of the phrase in its common usage?

You have to be aware of your own strenght if you wish to live peacefully.

4. (optional - 1 bonus point if correct) What famous comic book hero uses this phrase as his motto?

The Punisher, a Spiderman antagonist. It is also the old motto of the Royal British Navy.

Item 5: Acta est fabula, plaudite!

1. What is the literal English translation of this phrase?

The play has been performed, applaud! Usually said at the end of theatrical plays.

2. Who WROTE it?


3. According to the writer, who SAID it?

Emperor Augustus, on his deathbed.

4. What is the actual meaning of the phrase in its common usage, outside of its original context?

It is over, everything is over.

Item 6: Vexilla regis prodeunt inferni

1. What is the literal translation of this phrase in English?

The banners/signs/flags of the king of hell come forward.

2. Who wrote it?

Dante Alighieri (Inferno, Canto XXXIV), who added the fourth word to the first line of a much older Christian hymn, by Venantius Fortunatus.

3. Who is the character who says the phrase in its original context?

Virgil, Dante's guide.

4. (optional - 1 bonus points if correct) What character is being approached, while the phrase is spoken?

Lucifer (Satan).

Item 7: Gallia est omnis divisa in partes tres

1. What is the literal translation of this phrase in English?

All of Gaul is divided in(to) three parts.

2. Who wrote it?

C. Iulius Cæsar.

3. What is the full title of the work which begins with the phrase, and what does the title mean? (1 point each)

Commentarii de Bello Gallico or just De Bello Gallico, i.e. "(Commentaries) on the Gallic War".

Item 8: Peras imposuit Iuppiter nobis duas

1. What is the literal translation of this phrase in English?

Jupiter imposed on us / charged us with two bags/pouches/satchels/sacks.

2. Who wrote it?

Phædrus, translating Æsop.

3. What is the symbolic meaning of the objects mentioned in the phrase, within its original context?

The two bags are faults: we always see other people's faults, but we never see our own ones.

Item 9: Non amo te, Sabidi, nec possum dicere quare: | hoc tantum possum dicere, non amo te.

1. What is the literal translation in English of this famous 2-line epigram?

I do not love you, Sabidius, (but) I cannot even say (the reason) why; | only this I can say: I do not love you.

2. Who wrote it?


3. What English writer is remembered today pretty much ONLY because he translated it?

Thomas (Tom) Brown.

4. (optional) Who is addressed, in the translation mentioned in question 3 above? (Surname only, 1 point. Full name, 2 points.)

Dr. John Fell.

Item 10: Desinit in piscem, mulier formosa superne

1. What is the literal translation of this phrase into English?

A beautiful woman above ends in a fish.

2. Who wrote it?

Horace, same source as Item 1 (Ars Poetica).

3. What is the symbolic meaning of the phrase?

It refers to something that starts well and ends badly; a promising start of something whose end result is a mess.

Item 11: Homo sum, humani nihil a me alienum puto

1. What is the literal translation of this phrase into English?

I am a man, I believe nothing human (is) alien to me.

2. Who wrote it?


3. What is the most simplified meaning of the phrase in its common usage?

None of the aspects of human nature is extraneous to man. "Nothing human is extraneous to me."

Item 12: Gaudeamus igitur, iuvenes dum sumus

1. What is the literal translation of this phrase into English?

Let us rejoice, while we are young.

2. Name at least one person who has been credited for writing it, or to whom it has been attributed.

The ultimate source is unknown. Seneca is the originator of the concept, although he did not write the exact words in the quote. The writing of the phrase has been attributed, during the years, to Antonio Urceo (1482) and Domenico Strada, respectively a professor and a student in the University of Bologna. Christian Wilhelm Kindleleben, in 1791, wrote the text which is currently in use.

3. What is the context in which the phrase is most commonly heard?

"Gaudeamus igitur", as it is known, is the most popular academic commercium song throughout all of the universities of Europe and it is well known in many other non-European universities as well. Thus, it is commonly sung at university graduation ceremonies, university dinners, university parties and all other gatherings of university students.

4. What is the actual full title of the composition which is commonly known by the first two words of the phrase, and what does the title mean? (1 point each)

De Brevitate Vitæ, i.e. "On the Shortness of Life".

This quiz is, by now, officially CLOSED.

The winner of Ipse Dixit (Edition III) is Gaius Marcius Crispus with a final score of 79 points.

Final standings

  • Gaius Marcius Crispus: 79 points.
  • Gaia Æmilia Anas: 78 points.
  • Marcus Iulius Perusianus: 77 points.
  • Lucia Iulia Aquila: 76 points.
  • Gaius Equitius Cato: 68 points.
  • Maxima Valeria Messalina: 62 points.
  • Gaius Tullius Valerianus Germanicus: 59 points.
  • Tiberius Galerius Paulinus: 6 points.

On behalf of the Ædilitas, Publius Annæus Constantinus Placidus congratulates the winner, thanks all the entrants for having participated, and expresses his hope to have them all again joining in the Fourth Edition of the quiz, later this year.

Literary Contest: "Unity"

There is so much antagonizing in our community. People in Nova Roma are supposed to be glad that there ARE at all other, too, in the world that wants such a "strane", unique and incredible thing: restoring the Roman nation, religion and customs! We are so few! We need so much to keep together! I just mention names like Sulla, Cato, Hortensia, Caesar, Piscinus, Modianus: and suddenly many people become excited, and everyone believes to know who is bad and good. All of them have very firm opinions about each other, and Nova Roma is divided into two parties. People judge each other on the ground of these party-affiliations, and Nova Roma suffers the bickering and mocking, infinitely.

This has to come to an end.

This has to start with YOU.


Composition in any genre of literature, prose, poem or drama, writing directly about, or alluding to, the importance of concord, unity; the reconciliation of factions in Nova Roma; about the way, the goal, the reasons and solutions.


There are no rules except to keep yourselves to the topic. Keep in mind that the purpose of the game is to promote concord, friendship, unity and cooperation in Nova Roma.


The winner will be selected by a jury composed of people of experienced in literature. The prize will be a Nova Roman proof sestertius for the winner, and the best works will be published.


The 10th of March, 24:00 - Rome Time


e-mail address


Nova Roman Parody Writing Contest

The FIRST Nova Roman Parody Writing Contest!

In the spirit of joy, friendship, and concord, we should approach each other with a sense of humour in Nova Roma, not only because it is very healthy but also because it decrease the stress, make your lives longer, and finally, makes our community more united: we will be like a family. n Because no one is a mortal enemy of the other in our society: it can't be, it can't happen, it would not make any sense. Let aside the hatred. What you consider terrible maybe it is just funny! On the other end of the spectrum, we love to laugh even at those who we hold dearest, and - even at ourselves. Or if not, we have to learn to laugh at ourselves first, then we will have a chance to take Nova Roman politics easier. A non-malicious laugh at our beloved ones and friends' smaller mistakes and strange habits is nothing more than a sign of mental healthiness, sincere respect, and deeper knowledge of the other.

Nova Romans, learn to laugh a good!

Competitors are wanted to teach us how to laugh a big good one at ourselves!


The task for the competitors is to write a PARODY or PARODIES about NR-widely famous, well-known Nova Romans, imitating their writing-style, character, habits etc. Anything what a normal parody would indicate in writing.

You can write a parody either about one Nova Roman or many of them. The genre of the work is optional, it can be either verse or prose, letters or speeches, parodies imitating a chat, or real life conversation, or you can write even a drama.


There is no other rule except that you can't be hurtfully malevolent, aggressive, and offensive with the people about whom you write the parody. The PURPOSE of this game is to bring people together in friendship and hilarity, to try to see each other's faults in a forgiving spirit as excusable ones. Works containing explicit rudeness, evil, hurtful and offensive elements will be excluded from the competition by the jury, and will not be published.

Remember: the purpose of the game is writing smart, elegant, delightful and sparkling parodies, NOT ridiculing others.


The winner will be selected by a jury composed of people of experienced in literature. The prize will be a Nova Roman proof sestertius for the winner, and the best works will be published.


The 10th of March, 24:00 - Rome Time


e-mail address


Closing of the Ludi Novi Romani

Official Ædilician closing statement

Ædilis Curulis Publius Annæus Constantinus Placidus omnibus civibus, peregrinisque bonæ voluntatis salutem plurimam dicit.

Hereby, I do declare the MMDCCLXIII edition of the Ludi Novi Romani officially CLOSED.

The final results of the Chariot Race and of the Third Edition of the "Ipse Dixit" quiz are posted above on this page, which shall be updated during the next days with the results of the other Ludi events.

On behalf of the Ædilitas of Nova Roma, I would like to thank all of the participants, entrants and competitors in the Chariot Race and in the Third Edition of "Ipse Dixit", also inviting them to join me during the next and upcoming Ludi events. I would also like to express my deepest, sincerest and heartfelt gratitude to the whole of the Cohors Ædilicia, and in particular to my scribæ, Gnæus Cornelius Lentulus, Lucia Iulia Aquila and Gaia Maria Cæca, for all of their hard work and dedication. These Ludi were very much the result of a team effort, and they could have never have turned out as excellently as they did without the invaluable cooperation of the entire Cohors, so thanks very much to all of its members.

Optime valete omnes!

P. Ann. Con. Placidus
Ædilis Curulis Novæ Romæ


A chorus of young Nova Roman citizens performing the Carmen Decennale "Rome To New Rome" by P. Ullerius Stephanus Venator, a poem written for celebrating the ten years of Nova Roma

Enjoy the video made about the 10th Anniversary Concordialia here:

The video is made about the official 10th Anniversary Celebration of the founding of Nova Roma, the 10th birthday of Nova Roma, held on the Kalends of March, 2761 AUC, during the consulship of M. Moravius Piscinus Horatianus and T. Iulius Sabinus, organized by Cn. Cornelius Lentulus and Pannonian citizens of Nova Roma.

You can also hear the reading of the Latin variant of the Declaration of Nova Roma, our founding document, with subtitles, captured on the same day, recorded by Cn. Lentulus.

Return to: MMDCCLXIII/Aedilitas curulis >
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