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|X||Decius Iunius Palladius|
|Flavia Claudia Juliana|
|X||Lucius Equitius Cincinnatus|
|X||Lucius Cornelius Sulla|
|Quinta Claudia Lucentia Aprica|
|X||Marcus Mucius Scaevola Magister|
|X||Antonius Gryllus Graecus|
|X||Marcus Minicius Audens|
|X||Stephanus Ullerius Venator|
|Antonius Gryllus Graecus|
|X||Avidius Tullius Callidus|
|X||Quintus Caecilius Metellus|
|XI Kal Sex||21 Jun||
The election campaign of 2751 began with a declaration of non-candidacy by the Consul, Censor, and co-founder of Nova Roma, Flavius Vedius Germanicus:
I believe that, regardless of what the Constitution may technically authorize, there exists a greater tradition; the Mos Maiorum and the Cursus Honorum. They represent the historical tradition of the ancient Republic, which I choose to follow, and which I would urge all those who follow me, not only as Consul but in any position as magistrate, to follow as well.
|III Kal Oct||29 Sep||
On the third day before the Kalends of October, Avidius Tullius Callidus became the first to declare his candidacy:
As you may or may not know, Nova Roma will hold its first elections in November or December for the annual magistracies. I, Avidius Tullius Callidus, paterfamilias of one of the earlier Plebean gentes to join Nova Roma, am donning the toga candida (the white candidates' toga) and standing for election to the office of Tribune of the People.
|Kal Oct||1 Oct||
On the Kalends of October, Lucius Marconius Romanus announced his candidacy:
Officium me vocate ! This next election I will be running for the Governor ( Praetor ) of the Great Lakes Provincia. As the Governor some of my goals will include increasing my activities in acquiring new citizens for Nova Roma, maintaining an active dialogue with as many citizens as possible and sponsoring Nova Roma events and other Roman related activities.This announcement was the source of some amusement, since the provincial governors are appointed by the Senate, as Lucius Equitius Cincinnatus, the Praetor Urbanus, quickly pointed out. Marconius reacted with chagrin, "This is a perfect time for me to crawl under a rock - for a long time!" (60-15) But he promised, "I'm still going to be an active citizen. I just need some time to reorganize my plans." (60-18)The objective of his plans would be made apparent by his subsequent actions.
|Id Oct||15 Oct||
However, both the announcements of Avidius Tullius Callidus and Lucius Marconius Romanus were premature, since the prescribed date for such announcements is the day after the Ides of October. The Consul Marcus Cassius Julianus announced the beginning of the campaign season on the Ides:
The first stage of the Election season is the declaring of candidacies for various positions. If you're interested in taking a more active role within Nova Roma, tomorrow, October 16th, is the first day in which prospective Candidates for an office can announce their intentions. There's still time to consider... the last day for entries is November 14th. Still, those choosing to enter an election will gain more campaign time by entering themselves as candidates as soon as they can. NOW is the time to check the "Cursus Honorum" section of the Nova Roma website, and make your decision!A confused discussion immediately ensued. The Quaestor Lucius Cornelius Sulla asked, "Isn't Quaestor supposed to be elected too?" (74-8)
The Quaestrix Patricia Claudia replied, "No, those are appointed by the consuls." (74-9)
Cassius agreed. "I don't believe so. Quaestors are appointed by the Consuls, or by the Senate, to oversee specific tasks. They weren't a voted position as far as I've ever seen. (Of course, with MY luck, the Nova Roma Constitution will completely disprove that...) (74-18)
Which it did. As Gaius Marius Merullus pointed out, Article III, Section 7 of the Constitution provides, "A number of Quaestors shall be elected, as determined by the Senate, to assist magistrates in their administrative and fiscal responsibilities."
Merullus further observed:
I assume, based on Marcus Cassius Iulianus' message, that the Senate has determined that no quaestors will be needed for the upcoming year.
According to Callidus, "Quaestors were elected and sometimes appointed in ancient Rome, either way, they were the most junior of the magistrates. The Nova Roman Constitution does state that they can be appointed or elected." (74-24)
Turning to another issue, Lucius Sergius Australicus asked: "Why should [candidates for the consulship] be required to run as a team? That's not how it was originally done (i.e., in Roma Antiqua). While candidates for consul often did pair up, I don't think it was required in order to run." (74-10)
To which Cassius replied:
I honestly don't have specific references to hand, but I recall reading from several sources that the Consular candidates were chosen as a team beforehand. I could of course be completely wrong!! If anyone wants to check this out on a more scholarly basis, they're invited to.However, Merullus explained the original purpose for the consulship being collegial:
I believe that the practice in the Roman Republic was that the candidate who got the most votes became senior consul, while the one the runner-up became junior consul.Sulla agreed. "There are definite examples throughout the Ancient republic when consuls did not act as a team. Such as Lepidus and Catalus, and Caesar and Bibulius. So, historically, it was never a forethought or prerequiste." (74-23)
Callidus observed, "Consuls on occasion stood as a team, notable examples are Crassus/Pompey and Cato/Flaccus. Often it was a field of several individuals with similar credentials. The terms senior and junior really do not apply to the Consuls unless one considers the vote count. Both elected Consuls had the same authority when they held Imperium and they both held the power of intercessio (that is the veto against the other Consul)." (74-24)
|XVIII Kal Nov||16 Oct||
In brief statements, Senatores and Praetores Urbani Lucius Equitius Cincinnatus and Decius Iunius Palladius announced their joint candidacies for the consulship. (75-8, 75-9)
Avidius Tullius Callidus announced his candidacy for Tribune Plebis:
I urge other Plebeans with some time and effort to spare to consider standing for some of the various posts in the Nova Roman government. There are the offices of Tribune of the People and Plebean Aedile which only Plebeans may hold. There also are the higher offices of Quaestor, Praetor and Consul to consider standing for. Please join with me in filling the offices in our Republic, we have gone without many of them for too long.Antonius Gryllus Graecus, Praetor of Lusitania Provincia, announced his candidacy for the office of Tribune Plebis, "If I am elected, my effort will be centered on keeping Nova Roman administrative institutions more clear and efficient, so as to make the people more and more happy with their government. Of great importance too will be to watch over the lobbies that tend to keep the power always in the same hands, preventing the legitimate right of any citizen to actively participate in the political life of the state. I will take these efforts with no personal interest and with extreme care for the political stability of Nova Roma, colaborating in good will with the same institutions I will be invested to watch.... Et si sciens fallo, tum me Dispiter salva urbe arceque bonis eiciat ut ego hunc lapidem." (76-2)
Patricia Cassia announced her campaign to retain the quaestorship to which the Senate had appointed her:
My qualifications: In the months I have served as Quaestor of Nova Roma, I have established a bank account for the organization and set up a system of regular fiscal reports to the Senate and to a fellow Quaestor, who also gets copies of all the relevant documentation so as to check my veracity. I have also begun the process of getting Nova Roma incorporated as a legal non-profit organization in the United States, so as to be able to receive tax-deductible donations. In recent weeks I have taken over management of the Nova Roma Web site.
|XV Kal Nov||19 Oct||
Antonius Gryllus Graecus established the tone of his campaign for Tribune Plebis by insinuating a conspiracy between Quintus Caecilius Metellus, Consul Suffectus, and consular candidates Lucius Equitius Cincinnatus and Decius Iunius Palladius.
"When I announced my candidacy, I told the people of Nova Roma that one of my
objectives was to watch over the lobbies that tend to keep the power always
in the same hands, preventing the legitimate right of any citizen to
actively participate in the political life of the state.
When I said this, I was thinking about the future, not the present.
Today, we received your unbelievable annoucement that you, dear Consul,
would be running to be elected Tribune Plebis!!!! What's your objective?
Don't you have the courage to defy Decius Iunius Palladius and Lucius
Equitius Cincinnatus? Or are you making part of a plot of the high-rank
magistracies to control the will of the people by controling the very same
offices of the greatest defenders of the people's rights: the Tribunes?
What I think is that you are not telling everything the people must know." (77-4)
It should be noted, however, that on this occasion Graecus made an important innovation to the mechanics of campaigning by setting the example of clearly marking his campaign mailings as such in the "Subject" header.
Marcus Cassius Julianus responded immediately, "In the interest of keeping the facts known, Quintius Caecilius Metellus cannot run again for Consul in the next election. When he agreed to assist Nova Roma by stepping into the Consulship for the remaining three months of Germanicus' term, he did it on the contingency that he would not stand for re-election as Consul in the coming elections. Making sure that power does not remain always in the same hands has been a concern for us all... therefore I am voluntarily not standing for re-election as Consul this term either." (77-5)
The Senatrix and Chief Vestal Flavia Claudia Juliana observed dryly:
Oh great. We're starting our first elections with negative campaigning? Just great. Well, I guess this is how it was done in ancient Rome -- and has certainly been refined in U.S. elections for the past few years!Amethystia quipped, "Suddenly I don't miss Chicago so much." (77-9)
Meanwhile, Palladius followed up Caasius with a defense of Metellus:
While it is true that as a patrician I cannot vote for Tribune of the Plebs, I feel compelled to write to defend our junior consul, Quintus Caecilius Metellus against the accusations leveled against him by Antonius Gryllus Graecus, a rival of his for the position of Tribune.Palladius then republished Germanicus' announcement of non-candidacy from XI Kalends Sextilius (the co-founder of Nova Roma had since resigned all of his offices, and even his citizenship).
|XIV Kal Nov||20 Oct||
Antonius Gryllus Graecus attempted to make political capital out of both Metellus' silence and the words spoken on his behalf by the two Censores, while also issuing the first of many campaign slogans:
Antonius Gryllus Graecus, the man who makes the magistrates speak the truth! Vote Antonius Gryllus Graecus for Tribune of the Plebs!Meanwhile, Merullus returned to the questions raised on the day before the official beginning of the campaigns:
Decius Iunius Palladius' forwarded message from Germanicus brings up again the issue of electing praetors. We visited this topic briefly when Lucius Cornelius Sulla asked about electing quaestors.
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