Provincia (Nova Roma)
Nova Roma has a worldwide, international central administration and a territorial organization, consisting of provincial, regional and urban subdivisions. The provincia is the highest level of the territorial organization.
The Nova Roman Republic is divided into a number of provinciae. A provincia can comprise a single country or several, or on the other end of the spectrum, can be made up of sub-national units from a single country.Unlike provinces of Canada or American states, Nova Roman provinciae are creations of the senate, the 'national' governing body. The senate, under the lex Vedia provincialis, can create a new provincia or combine existing ones by senatus consultum. The same lex outlines the powers and duties of the provincial governors. The senate also has the power to appoint and replace governors who appoint the provincial administration and may sub-divide their provincia into regiones for administrative purposes as they deem it necessary.
The structure of the provincial government varies greatly depending upon the existing conditions of the provincia. Several provinces cross national and linguistic boundaries and thus officials may be appointed to reflect this. Other provinces are geographically large or have isolated populations. There are no real laws concerning organization of provincial government other than the lex Vedia provincialis. This creates a flexible framework for the varying realities of the provinciae.
The governor of the province can be variously termed, consul, proconsul, praetor, propraetor, or legatus pro praetore; the title depends on previous offices held by the governor. The "governor" of Italia Nova Romana is called praefectus Italiae. All provincial governors are subordinate to the senate and to the central magistrates.
Both the administrative office of the governor and the headquarter of the provincial administration are called the praetorium. The governor's staff personnel, the cohors praetoria, consist of various officials executing the orders of the governor and may include legates, prefects and scribes, more rarely a provincial quaestor or proquaestor, a procurator, sometimes a curator aranearius and a provincial sacerdos.
In some provinces, the governor shares his power with a provincial council, the consilium provinciae, sometimes mistakenly called curia, but in most of the provinces it is just an advisory body to assist the governor, and there are also provinces where there is no consilium provinciae at all.
It is a very important point to note, however, that provincial administrations are not territorial "self-governments"; Nova Roman provinciae are not independent or autonomous, nor free from the strict control of the central administration, but, on the contrary, they are tools of the central government to take directives and execute orders and instructions given from the senate and the consuls. The provinces of Nova Roma, just like those in the ancient republic, are a means for unity and effective administrative action, and not a provision for federalism or territorial autonomy.
Provinces of Nova Roma
The list of current Nova Roma provinces have been reviewed by the Senate in its sessions of January, March and November 11, 2763 auc. Nova Roma provinciae are the following ones :
|a nb||Name||Creation date||SC of creation||Delineation date||Last delin. SC||Countries||Current governor||First appt date||Last appt date||If no gov., last one||Vacant since|
|1||America austroccidentalis||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||U.S.A. states of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas, and Utah||Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius Postumianus||none||none||none||none|
|2||America austrorientalis||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||U.S.A. states of Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississipi, Alabama, Tennessee, Georgia,North and Sth Carolina and Florida||Gaius Aquillius Rota||none||none||none||none|
|3||America boreoccidentalis||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||U.S.A. states of Idaho, Oregon, Washington and Alaska||Vibia Rutilia Enodiaria||none||none||none||none|
|4||America medioccidentalis superior||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||U.S.A. states of Montana, Wyoming, North and South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Minnesota, Iowa, and Missouri||Gaius Pompeius Marcellus||none||none||none||none|
|5||Argentina||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||Argentine Republic, Rep. of Paraguay, Oriental Rep. of Uruguay||none||none||none||none||none|
|6||Australia||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||Commonwealth of Australia and New Zealand||none||none||none||none||none|
|7||Brasilia||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||Fed. Rep. of Brazil||none||none||none||none||none|
|8||Britannia||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, without Northern Ireland||Gaius Marcius Crispus||none||none||none||none|
|9||California||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||U.S.A. states of California, Nevada, and Hawaii||Quintus Fabius Maximus||none||none||none||none|
|10||Canada Citerior||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||Prov. of Ontario, Québec, Labrador-Terre Neuve, New Brunswick, New Scotland|| T. Annaeus Regulus
suspended (tax 2763)
|11||Canada ulterior||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||Prov. of Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, British Columbia, and Yukon, Northwest and Nunavut Territories||Gnaeus Iulius Caesar||none||none||none||none|
|12||Dacia||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||Rep. of Romania and Rep. of Moldavia to river Dniestr||Titus Iulius Sabinus||none||none||none||none|
|13||Gallia||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||Kingdom of Netherlands, Grand-Duché of Luxembourg, Kgd of Belgium, Rép. Française, Principality of Monaco, French-speaking Swiss territories, without the German-speaking territories of Belgium, except French overseas territories||Publius Memmius Albucius||none||none||none||none|
|14||Germania||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||Rep. of Germany, of Austria and Principality of Liechtenstein, the German-speaking territories of Switzerland and Belgium||none||none||none||none||none|
|15||Guria||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||Both Koreas||none||none||none||none||none|
|16||Hibernia||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||Island of Ireland (Rep. of Ireland and U.K. Northern Ireland)||none||none||none||none||none|
|17||Hispania||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||Rep. of Portugal and Kingdom of Spain||Marcus Curiatius Complutensis||none||none||none||none|
|18||Italia||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||Rep. of Italy, Vatican, San Marino, Malta and the Italian-speaking Swiss territories|| Consul maior
|19||Lacus Magni||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||U.S.A. states of Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, and West Virginia||none||none||none||none||none|
|20||Mediatlantica||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||U.S.A. states of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, and the District of Columbia||Tiberius Galerius Paulinus||none||none||none||none|
|21||Nipponia||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||Emp. of Japan||Marcus Lucretius Agricola||none||none||none||none|
|22||Nova Britannia||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||U.S.A. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut.||Marcus Minucius Audens||none||none||none||none|
|23||Nova Hispania||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||United Mexican States, Belize, Republics of Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama||Marcus Iulius Severus||none||none||none||none|
|24||Pannonia||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||Reps. of Slovenia, Hungary, Slovakia and Czech Rep.||Gnaeus Cornelius Lentulus||none||none||none||none|
|25||Sarmatia||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||Ukraine, Russian Federation, Rep. of Belarus, and the Transnistria (East Bank of river Dniestr)||Gaius Antonius Costa||none||none||none||none|
|26||Thule||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||Rep. of Iceland, Kingdoms of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark, Rep. of Finland||none||none||none||none||none|
|27||Venedia||Nov. 11, 2762||SL 17710||Nov. 20, 2763||SL 17710||Rep. of Poland||none||none||none||none||none|
- When, in addition of its wiki pages, the province proposes a special web site or list of discussion, its link is included in the column "countries" ;
- Apart Italia, all provinces are called "provinciae" (provinces). Italia is called "praefectura" ;
- All governors are also called "legatus pro praetore" (plural "legati"), except the gov. of Italia who is called "Praefectus" ;
- The formal title of each governor depends on her/his seniority and cursus : a former consul, for ex., is called "proconsul". To check the exact title of each governor, see her/his personal album civium page.
Map of Nova Roman Provinces
This new map updates the provincial organization of Nova Roma on Kal. Ian. 2764 auc (Jan. 1, 2011 cc). As the legend says it, you will find in light grey the territories not yet organized in provinces (no citizen or less than five), and in grey the provinces which still exist, but which have no governor currently and/or face a decreased activity.