Governor (Nova Roma)

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{{LanguageBar|Governor (Nova Roma)}}
 
{{LanguageBar|Governor (Nova Roma)}}
 
{{NR Magistracy articles}}{{NR Territorial organization articles}}
 
{{NR Magistracy articles}}{{NR Territorial organization articles}}
A Nova Roman '''governor''' is a person appointed by the [[Senate (Nova Roma)|Senate]] to oversee the daily handling of a [[provincia (Nova Roma)|province]].  
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A Nova Roman '''governor''' is a person appointed by the [[Senate (Nova Roma)|senate]] to oversee the daily handling of a [[provincia (Nova Roma)|province]].  
  
==Grades of governor==
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==Titles==
  
;There are four grades of provincial governor
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The governor of the province can be variously termed, ''consul'', ''proconsul'', ''praetor'', ''propraetor'', or ''legatus pro praetore''; the title depends on previous offices held by the governor.
  
;a. Proconsul or propraetor (Governor census points) : A current sitting senator who is a member of the consulares (proconsul) or who is a member of the praetorii (propraetor).
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Currently-serving ''consules'' governing provinces shall be titled '''''consul'''''. Former ''consules'' who are continuing to govern a province after their term as ''consul'' ends shall be titled '''''proconsul'''''.
;b. Legatus pro praetore (Governor census points) : A current sitting senator who is not a member of the consulares or the praetorii.
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;c. Praefectus (1st Rank Official census points) : Not a current sitting senator but has been either consul or praetor.
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Currently-serving ''praetores'' governing a province shall be titled '''''praetor'''''. ''Praetores'' who continue to govern a province after their first term of office ends shall be titled '''''propraetor'''''.
;d. Procurator (2nd Rank Official census points) : Not a current sitting senator and has not been either consul or praetor.  
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The "governor" of Italy shall be called '''''praefectus Italiae'''''. If a sitting ''consul'' or ''praetor'' resides in Italy and they serve as "governor" on behalf of the senate of Nova Roma they shall be called ''consul'' or ''praetor''.
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All other citizens appointed by the Senate to govern a province of Nova Roma shall be called '''''legatus pro praetore'''''.
  
 
==Powers==
 
==Powers==
  
The ''[[Lex Vedia Provincialis (Nova Roma)|lex Vedia provincialis]]'' outlines the powers and duties of the provincial governors.  These powers, as one would expect, are limited to the boundaries of the province.  As in antiquity, a provincial governor has the honor of being preceded by six lictors.  ''Edicta'' may be proclaimed on matters solely related to the day to day management of the province.  They may also appoint provincial officials, but they must follow guidelines set out by the senate. The governor operates within the Ager Novus Romanus division of Nova Roma, see [[Operational Divisions of Nova Roma| here]] for a fuller explanation of the nature of the divisions.
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The ''[[Lex Vedia Provincialis (Nova Roma)|lex Vedia provincialis]]'' outlines the powers and duties of the provincial governors.  These powers, as one would expect, are limited to the boundaries of the province.  As in antiquity, a provincial governor has the honour of being preceded by six lictors.  ''Edicta'' may be proclaimed on matters solely related to the day to day management of the province.  They may also appoint provincial officials, but they must follow guidelines set out by the senate.
  
 
==Legal precedence==
 
==Legal precedence==
  
Governors may be replaced at any time, and specially every year when the Senate examines their annual activity. A governor cannot challenge the authority of the Senate.
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Governors may be replaced at any time, and specially every year when the senate examines their annual activity. A governor has thus no interest to challenge the authority of the senate.
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This consideration let aside, the governors have a wide competency in their province, owning inside the ''[[imperium]]'' and the judicial competency for trials which involve two citizens of the province.
  
This consideration let aside, the governors have a wide competency, possessing ''[[imperium]]'' within the borders of their province. All community units within a province are ultimately subject to the ''imperium'' of the governor, notwithstanding whether they are self-governing communities or not.
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Although they depend directly on the senate, governors are submitted to the higher ''imperium'' of the central magistrates, too: their local ''imperium'' applies as long as it does not enter in conflict with the higher ''imperium'' of the ''praetores'' or ''consules'' of Nova Roma. All governors obey any consular official request or a praetorian request, when the ''praetor'' acts in the place of the ''consules'' or in the frame of their own special administrative or judicial competencies whose execution is necessary in the concerned province. Similarly, the governor must apply every measure issued by any central magistrate, even if this magistrate has no ''imperium'', but works in a field which results of the application of Nova Roman law.  
  
Although they answer directly on the Senate, governors can be subject to the higher ''imperium'' of the central magistrates and other officers and officials of the Senate. A governor's local ''imperium'' applies as long as it does not enter into conflict with the higher ''imperium'' of any magistrate authorized by the Senate to exercise ''imperium'' within the province of the governor. All governors must obey all the commands of the Senate without fail, and must also obey all Senatus consulta ultima, leges, decreta, and Senatus consulta, and any edicta that have general affect throughout Nova Roma. Governors are strongly advised to obey any consular official request or a praetorian request, when the ''praetor'' acts in the place of the ''consules'', or in the frame of their own special administrative competencies whose execution is necessary in the province. A province is not the personal domain of the governor, nor of the citizens resident within it. It is an integral part of Nova Roma, but does not have immunity from decrees of the Senate, nor does it exist in isolation from the Urbs Novae Romae.
 
  
== Current Area Governors and other officials  ==
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== Current Governors of Nova Roman Provinces ==
  
The list of current governors and other Senate appointed area officials can be found [[Areas (Nova Roma)|here]].
 
  
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{{:List of current governors}}
  
  
  
 
[[Category:Magistracies (Nova Roma)]]
 
[[Category:Magistracies (Nova Roma)]]

Latest revision as of 11:37, 2 September 2019

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A Nova Roman governor is a person appointed by the senate to oversee the daily handling of a province.

Contents

Titles

The governor of the province can be variously termed, consul, proconsul, praetor, propraetor, or legatus pro praetore; the title depends on previous offices held by the governor.

Currently-serving consules governing provinces shall be titled consul. Former consules who are continuing to govern a province after their term as consul ends shall be titled proconsul.

Currently-serving praetores governing a province shall be titled praetor. Praetores who continue to govern a province after their first term of office ends shall be titled propraetor.

The "governor" of Italy shall be called praefectus Italiae. If a sitting consul or praetor resides in Italy and they serve as "governor" on behalf of the senate of Nova Roma they shall be called consul or praetor.

All other citizens appointed by the Senate to govern a province of Nova Roma shall be called legatus pro praetore.

Powers

The lex Vedia provincialis outlines the powers and duties of the provincial governors. These powers, as one would expect, are limited to the boundaries of the province. As in antiquity, a provincial governor has the honour of being preceded by six lictors. Edicta may be proclaimed on matters solely related to the day to day management of the province. They may also appoint provincial officials, but they must follow guidelines set out by the senate.

Legal precedence

Governors may be replaced at any time, and specially every year when the senate examines their annual activity. A governor has thus no interest to challenge the authority of the senate.

This consideration let aside, the governors have a wide competency in their province, owning inside the imperium and the judicial competency for trials which involve two citizens of the province.

Although they depend directly on the senate, governors are submitted to the higher imperium of the central magistrates, too: their local imperium applies as long as it does not enter in conflict with the higher imperium of the praetores or consules of Nova Roma. All governors obey any consular official request or a praetorian request, when the praetor acts in the place of the consules or in the frame of their own special administrative or judicial competencies whose execution is necessary in the concerned province. Similarly, the governor must apply every measure issued by any central magistrate, even if this magistrate has no imperium, but works in a field which results of the application of Nova Roman law.


Current Governors of Nova Roman Provinces

Name Abrv Countries (links to provincial lists/web pages included) Current governor
1 Italia ITA Italy, Vatican, San Marino, Malta and Switzerland Italian-speaking territories Praefectus Italiae Cn. Cornelius Lentulus
2 Alasca et Havaia AEH USA - Alaska and Hawaii Proconsul M. Pompeius Caninus
3 America Cismississippiana ACM USA - Illinois and Indiana Legatus pro praetore Ti. Aurelius Longinus
4 America Deserta AMD USA - Arizona, Nevada and Utah Proconsul C. Tullius Valerianus Germanicus
5 America Gallica AGL USA - Arkansas and Louisiana Legatus pro praetore Ti. Marcius Ramazinus
6 America Hispanica AHS USA - New Mexico and Colorado Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
7 America Mississippiensis AMS USA - Mississippi and Alabama Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
8 America Missuriensis AMO USA - Iowa and Missouri Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
9 America Montana AMW USA - Montana and Wyoming Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
10 America Nebrascensis ANE USA - Nebraska and Kansas Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
11 America Noveboracensis ANB USA - New York and New Jersey Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
12 America Oregonensis AOR USA - Idaho, Oregon and Washington Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
13 America Texia ATX USA - Texas and Oklahoma Legatus pro praetore P. Quinctius Petrus Augustinus
14 America Transappalachiana ATA U.S.A. States of USA - Tennessee and Kentucky Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
15 Argentina ARG Argentine, Paraguay and Uruguay Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
16 Australia AUS Australia and New Zealand Legatus pro praetore M. Claudius Nero
17 Brasilia BRA Brazil Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
18 Britannia BRT United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Ireland Legatus pro praetore C. Marcius Crispus
19 California Angelensis CAA USA - California south of Paso Robles and Delano Proconsul Q. Fabius Maximus
20 California Franciscensis CAF USA - California north of Paso Robles and Delano Proconsul Q. Fabius Maximus
21 Canada Citerior CCI Canada - Ontario, Québec, Labrador-Terre Neuve, New Brunswick and New Scotland Proconsul C. Claudius Quadratus
22 Canada Ulterior CUL Canada - Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, British Columbia, Yukon, Northwest and Nunavut Proconsul C. Claudius Quadratus
23 Carolina CAR USA - North Carolina and South Carolina Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
24 Columbia COL USA - Maryland and the District of Columbia Proconsul T. Domitius Draco with imperium maius
25 Dacia DAC Romania and Moldavia to river Dniestr Proconsul T. Iulius Sabinus
26 Dacota DNS USA - North Dakota and South Dakota Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
27 Gallia GAL Netherlands, Luxembourg, Belgium without the German-speaking territories, France except French overseas territories, Monaco and Switzerland French-speaking territories Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
28 Georgia Florida GAF U.S.A. USA - Florida and Georgia Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
29 Germania GER Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, Switzerland German-speaking territories and Belgium German-speaking territories Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
30 Guria GUR North Korea and South Korea Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
31 Hispania HIS Portugal and Spain Praetor Q. Lutatius Catulus
32 Lacus Magni LMG USA - Wisconsin and Michigan Legatus pro praetore C. Decius Laterensis
33 Marcomannia MAR Czechia and Slovakia Legatus pro praetore Ti. Iulius Nerva
34 Mediatlantica MED USA - Pennsylvania and Delaware Proconsul T. Domitius Draco with imperium maius
35 Minnesota MIN USA - Minnesota Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
36 Nipponia NIP Japan Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
37 Nova Britannia Citerior NBC USA - Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
38 Nova Britannia Ulterior NBU USA - Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. Legatus pro praetore A. Iulius Paterculus
39 Nova Hispania NHS Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
40 Ohio OHO USA - Ohio Legatus pro praetore C. Decius Laterensis
41 Pannonia PAN Slovenia and Hungary Legatus pro praetore Cn. Cornelius Lentulus
42 Sarmatia SAR Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, and the Transnistria (East Bank of river Dniestr) Proconsul Sex. Lucilius Tutor
43 Thule THU Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Finland Proconsul Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Alexander with imperium maius
44 Thracia THR Bulgaria Legatus pro praetore A. Vitellius Celsus
45 Venedia VEN Poland Proconsul Sex. Lucilius Tutor
46 Virginia VIR USA - Virginia and West Virginia Legatus pro praetore L. Marius Vestinus
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