Fortuna Populi Romani Quiritium Primigenia
Fortuna, the goddess of good luck, has been worshipped from remote antiquity in Italy. Her worship was supposed to have been introduced into Rome by king Servius Tullius, popularly believed to be her favourite and confidant. He was said to have founded her oldest sanctuaries, as, for instance, that of Fors Fortuna, or lucky chance, on the right bank of the Tiber below Rome. To this a pilgrimage was made down the stream by laud and water on the anniversary of its foundation (June 26).
As time went on, the worship of Fortuna became one of the most popular in Italy. She was worshipped at a great number of shrines under various titles, given according to various circumstances of life in which her influence was supposed to have effect. Among there titles were Fortuna Primagenia, who determines the destiny of the child at its birth and Fortuna Publica or Populi Romani, the tutelary goddess of the state.
Trajan at last founded a special temple in honour of Fortuna as the all-pervading power of the world. Here an annual sacrifice was offered to her on New Year's Day. In works of art she was represented with the same attributes as the Greek Tyche.