Apollo, the ancient Greek god of healing, oracles and inspiration, was worshipped in Rome primarily under his title Apollo Medicus, Apollo the healer.
In 430 BCE, the Temple of Apollo Medicus was dedicated to Apollo on account of a plague. Located near the Theater of Marcellus, three fluted white marble Corinthian columns of this temple were re-erected in modern times. Fragments of this temple are found in the Montemartini Museum.
During the Second Punic War in 212 BCE, the Ludi Apollinares were instituted in his honor.