EDICTUM AEDILICIUM DE COMMERCIO IUSTO
Since the establishment of the office of Aedilis Curulis in antiquity,
the Aediles Curules have been charged with maintaining fair and just
business practices within the marketplaces of Roma. Nova Roman
citizens deserve the same assurances of fair dealing as their fellow
Roman citizens of antiquity, and promise of redress in the event of
- Any Nova Roman citizen may seek justice from the Aediles Curules in
the event they feel they have been dealt with unfairly in any
marketplace operating under the authority of Nova Roma.
- Marketplaces under this edict include world wide web based
businesses operated by members of the Ordo Equester, businesses
operating at sponsored Nova Roma events, and any other business
activity carried out with express knowledge that Nova Roma citizens
are involved, whether by Nova Roma citizens or by associates who
knowingly do business with Nova Roma.
- The Aediles Curules shall examine charges brought by citizens,
and shall determine whether an investigation into the charges and
specifications is warranted. The Aediles Curules shall accept
complaints only from parties to the instant business transaction,
unless the complainant can show direct financial damage as result of
the failure to meet obligations by a third party (e.g., as in a
merchant whose supply of product is adversely affected by the failure
of another merchant to meet an obligation to a supplier upon whom the
first merchant depends).
- If in the process of investigation a settlement agreeable to the
parties can be reached, the matter will be closed.
- The Aediles Curules may offer binding arbitration as a dispute
- If investigation of a charge reveals probable default of
obligation, no settlement can be reached by the parties, and one or
more of the parties refuses binding arbitration, the Aediles Curules
shall accept a petitio actionis, a formal charge of default of
obligation, from the actor (the complainant) against the reus (the
defendant). The Aediles Curules shall convene an Aedilician Court to
hear arguments from the parties and render a judgment. If the actor
of the petitio actionis shall refuse to appear or present argument,
the actio will be dismissed. If the reus of the petitio actionis
shall refuse to appear or present argument, a default judgment shall
be issued in favour of the actor. The rules of procedure for such
Aedilician Courts shall be those of Lex Salicia Iudiciaria, excepting
that the tribunal of iudices shall consist of the Aediles Curules and
the roles prescribed therein for the praetor shall be undertaken by
the Aediles Curules. The penalties for conviction in the Aedilician
Court shall be specified in the Aediles' formula and may include:
Judgments of the Aedilician Court are public records and will be
announced publicly. Judgments of the Aedilician Court shall be
subject to appropriate intercessio and may be appealed to the Comitia
Populi Tributa. Notice of appeal must be given within seventy-two
hours of issue of the judgment.
- Full restitution of the sought amount or merchandise;
- Damages not to exceed twice the value of the disputed merchanise
- Denial of the privilege of advertising in the Macellum;
- Request to the Censores for removal from the Ordo Equester;
- Request to the Censores for a nota affecting other iures civiles,
including honores (the right to hold office) and suffragium (the right
to vote in the Comitia).
- In cases where a prima facie case for criminal wrongdoing can be
made, the Aediles Curules shall remand the petitio actionis to the
praetores for action under the Lex Salicia Poenalis and, in those
cases where macronational law is involved, to the local civil authorities.
- This edictum becomes effective immediately.
11 February 2757